Eigenstate thermalization in the two-dimensional transverse field Ising model. II. Off-diagonal matrix elements of observables

Rubem Mondaini, Marcos Rigol

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Abstract

We study the matrix elements of few-body observables, focusing on the off-diagonal ones, in the eigenstates of the two-dimensional transverse field Ising model. By resolving all symmetries, we relate the onset of quantum chaos to the structure of the matrix elements. In particular, we show that a general result of the theory of random matrices, namely, the value 2 of the ratio of variances (diagonal to off-diagonal) of the matrix elements of Hermitian operators, occurs in the quantum chaotic regime. Furthermore, we explore the behavior of the off-diagonal matrix elements of observables as a function of the eigenstate energy differences and show that it is in accordance with the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis ansatz.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012157
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume96
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 31 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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