Elastic properties of cubic and rhombohedral BiFeO3 from first-principles calculations

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Abstract

First-principles elastic constants cij 's of BiFeO3 with cubic nonmagnetic (NM)/ferromagnetic (FM) structures and rhombohedral antiferromagnetic (AFM) structure have been calculated within the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and the GGA+U approach. In addition, the elastic properties of polycrystalline aggregates including bulk modulus and shear modulus are also determined and compared with experiments. It is found that the predicted cij 's decrease with increasing volume (or decreasing pressure) except for the c14 of the rhombohedral AFM phase. The cubic NM and FM phases are predicted to be harder than the rhombohedral AFM one, indicated by their smaller equilibrium volumes and larger bulk moduli. Additionally, the cubic FM phase is found nearly isotropy (by GGA and GGA+U with Ueff =6 eV), and the cubic NM phase is mechanical unstable at high temperatures. The presently predicted cij 's of BiFeO3 provide helpful guidance for future measurements, and make the stress estimation and elastic energy calculation in BiFeO3 thin films possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number052102
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume80
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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