Electric conduction of thin-layer Ni-multilayer ceramic capacitors with core-shell structure BaTiO3

Koichiro Morita, Youichi Mizuno, Hirokazu Chazono, Hiroshi Kishi, Gai Ying Yang, Wei En Liu, Elizabeth C. Dickey, Clive A. Randall

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26 Scopus citations


The electric conduction mechanism for multilayer ceramic capacitors with Ni internal electrodes (Ni-MLCCs) was investigated, utilizing impedance spectroscopy (IS) and thermally stimulated current (TSC) measurement techniques. A modified 4RC equivalent circuit model was proposed to analyze the IS data for the Ni-MLCCs. This model revealed that electrode/ceramics interfaces (E/C-I) and grain boundaries (GBs) have a Schottky type conduction mechanism controlling the leakage behavior at low electric field. The Schottky barrier height at E/C-I and surface level height at GB were calculated being 1.43 and 1.06 eV, respectively. The Ni-MLCCs showed a tunneling conduction occurs with high dc electric fields of more than 10 V/μm. The onset electric field for the tunneling conduction shifted toward high electric fields as the Mn content of the capacitors increased. TSC measurements revealed that a low Mn content resulted in high mobile oxygen vacancies concentration in the Ni-MLCCs. Mn also played a role in preventing oxygen vacancies from migrating to cathode electrodes, which resulted in a long lifetime for the Ni-MLCCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2984-2990
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Issue number5 A
StatePublished - May 8 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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