This study reports an extremely cost-effective mechanism for converting wind energy into electric energy using piezoelectric bimorph actuators at small scale. The total dimensions of the electric energy generator are 5.08 × 11.6 × 7.7 cm 3. The rectangular, box-shaped body of the overall structure is made using 3.2-mm thick plastic. Slits are made on two opposite faces of the box so that two columns and six rows of bimorph actuators can be inserted. Each row of bimorph actuators is separated from each other by a gap of 6 mm, and the two columns of bimorphs are separated from each other by a gap of 6.35 mm. In between the two columns, a cylindrical rod is inserted consisting of six rectangular hooks. The hooks are positioned in such a way that each of them just touches the two bimorphs on either side in a particular row. As the wind flows across the generator, it creates a rotary motion on the attached fan that is converted into vertical motion of the cylindrical rod using the cam-shaft mechanism. This vertical motion of the cylindrical rod creates oscillating stress on the bimorphs due to attached hooks. The bimorphs produce output voltage proportional to the applied oscillating stress through piezoelectric effect. The prototype fabricated in this study was found to generate 1.2 mW power at a wind speed of 12 mph across the load of 1.7 kω.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering