Electricity generation using an air-cathode single chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) in the absence of a proton exchange membrane

Hong Liu, Bruce Logan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To increase energy output and reduce the cost of MFC, an air-cathode single chamber MFC containing carbon electrodes without proton exchange membrane (PEM) was developed. Power generation from domestic wastewater, glucose, acetate, and butyrate (main by-products of hydrogen fermentation) was examined. The power density was 55-400% higher than that in the MFC containing PEM, reaching 146 mw/sq cm using domestic wastewater, 494 mw/sq cm using glucose, 506 and 305 mw/sq cm using acetate and butyrate, respectively, which were much greater than typically reported for aqueous-cathode MFC. The increase in power output was attributed to the direct oxygen transfer to the carbon cathode and the elimination of overpotential caused by PEM. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 228th ACS National Meeting (Philadelphia, PA 8/22-26/2004).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)ENVR-193
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
Volume228
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004
EventAbstracts of Papers - 228th ACS National Meeting - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Aug 22 2004Aug 26 2004

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Microbial fuel cells
Protons
Ion exchange
Cathodes
Electricity
Membranes
Butyrates
Air
Glucose
Acetates
Wastewater
Carbon
Fermentation
Power generation
Byproducts
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Electrodes
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "To increase energy output and reduce the cost of MFC, an air-cathode single chamber MFC containing carbon electrodes without proton exchange membrane (PEM) was developed. Power generation from domestic wastewater, glucose, acetate, and butyrate (main by-products of hydrogen fermentation) was examined. The power density was 55-400{\%} higher than that in the MFC containing PEM, reaching 146 mw/sq cm using domestic wastewater, 494 mw/sq cm using glucose, 506 and 305 mw/sq cm using acetate and butyrate, respectively, which were much greater than typically reported for aqueous-cathode MFC. The increase in power output was attributed to the direct oxygen transfer to the carbon cathode and the elimination of overpotential caused by PEM. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 228th ACS National Meeting (Philadelphia, PA 8/22-26/2004).",
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Electricity generation using an air-cathode single chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) in the absence of a proton exchange membrane. / Liu, Hong; Logan, Bruce.

In: ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, Vol. 228, No. 1, 01.01.2004, p. ENVR-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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