Electricity production from xylose in fed-batch and continuous-flow microbial fuel cells

Liping Huang, Bruce E. Logan

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Abstract

A medium-scale (0.77 l) air-cathode, brush-anode microbial fuel cell (MFC) operated in fed-batch mode using xylose (20 mM) generated a maximum power density of 13±1 W/m3 (673±43 mW/m2). Xylose was rapidly removed (83.5%) within 8 h of a 60-h cycle, with 42.1% of electrons in intermediates (8.5±0.2 mM acetate, 5.9±0.01 mM ethanol, 4.3±0.1 mM formate, and 1.3±0.03 mM propionate), 9.1% captured as electricity, 16.1% in the remaining xylose, and 32.7% lost to cell storage, biomass, and other processes. The final Coulombic efficiency was 50%. At a higher initial xylose concentration (54 mM), xylose was again rapidly removed (86.9% within 24 h of a 116-h cycle), intermediates increased in concentration (18.4±0.4 mM acetate, 7.8±0.4 mM ethanol and 2.1±0.2 mM propionate), but power was lower (5.2±0.4 W/m3). Power was increased by operating the reactor in continuous flow mode at a hydraulic retention time of 20 h (20±1 W/m3), with 66±1% chemical oxygen demand removal. These results demonstrate that electricity generation is sustained over a cycle primarily by stored substrate and intermediates formed by fermentation and that the intermediates produced vary with xylose loading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-664
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2008

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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