The electrocaloric effect (ECE) of poly (vinyledene fluoride- trifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-TrFE)) 55/45 mol% copolymers was directly measured, which confirms the results deduced from Maxwell relation. The adiabatic temperature change δT under a given electric field peaks at the ferroelectric-paraelectric (FE-PE) transition. Away from it, ECE becomes small. δT versus applied electric field can be described well by a modified Belov- Goryaga equation. The ECE in ferroelectric polymers, especially near FE-PE transition where larger ECE is observed, are analyzed under different boundary conditions employing phenomenological theory and constitutive equations. The secondary pyroelectricity is found to play a significant role which enhances ECE in ferroelectric polymers.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)