Electrocapacitive desalination of brackish water using biochars

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Electrodes fabricated from porous carbons derived from biomass have been observed to be suitable for high capacity energy storage, and subsequently investigated for their effectiveness in CDI, but there is a dearth of studies to find a relationship between the electrochemical performance of the carbon and the biomass properties and process conditions. Because cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin are the main components in biomass, in this study, we produce carbons from rice hull, switchgrass and poplar wood, each representative of cellulose-rich, hemicellulose-rich and lignin-rich biomass, respectively. The investigation goal is correlating electrochemical performance of the carbon to the nature of the biomass precursor and the processing conditions. This study will aid in identifying and classifying biomass raw materials to develop carbon materials with well-defined pore structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMaterials for Energy, Efficiency and Sustainability - TechConnect Briefs 2017
EditorsBart Romanowicz, Fiona Case, Matthew Laudon, Fiona Case
PublisherTechConnect
Pages251-252
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9780997511796
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event11th Annual TechConnect World Innovation Conference and Expo, Held Jointly with the 20th Annual Nanotech Conference and Expo, and the 2017 National SBIR/STTR Conference - Washington, United States
Duration: May 14 2017May 17 2017

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials - TechConnect Briefs 2017
Volume2

Other

Other11th Annual TechConnect World Innovation Conference and Expo, Held Jointly with the 20th Annual Nanotech Conference and Expo, and the 2017 National SBIR/STTR Conference
CountryUnited States
CityWashington
Period5/14/175/17/17

Fingerprint

Desalination
Biomass
Carbon
Water
Lignin
Cellulose
Panicum
Pore structure
Energy storage
Saline Waters
biochar
Wood
Raw materials
Electrodes
Processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Fuel Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Biotechnology
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Sengupta, A., Ramakrishnan, R., & Wal, R. L. V. (2017). Electrocapacitive desalination of brackish water using biochars. In B. Romanowicz, F. Case, M. Laudon, & F. Case (Eds.), Materials for Energy, Efficiency and Sustainability - TechConnect Briefs 2017 (pp. 251-252). (Advanced Materials - TechConnect Briefs 2017; Vol. 2). TechConnect.
Sengupta, A. ; Ramakrishnan, R. ; Wal, R. L.Vander. / Electrocapacitive desalination of brackish water using biochars. Materials for Energy, Efficiency and Sustainability - TechConnect Briefs 2017. editor / Bart Romanowicz ; Fiona Case ; Matthew Laudon ; Fiona Case. TechConnect, 2017. pp. 251-252 (Advanced Materials - TechConnect Briefs 2017).
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Sengupta, A, Ramakrishnan, R & Wal, RLV 2017, Electrocapacitive desalination of brackish water using biochars. in B Romanowicz, F Case, M Laudon & F Case (eds), Materials for Energy, Efficiency and Sustainability - TechConnect Briefs 2017. Advanced Materials - TechConnect Briefs 2017, vol. 2, TechConnect, pp. 251-252, 11th Annual TechConnect World Innovation Conference and Expo, Held Jointly with the 20th Annual Nanotech Conference and Expo, and the 2017 National SBIR/STTR Conference, Washington, United States, 5/14/17.

Electrocapacitive desalination of brackish water using biochars. / Sengupta, A.; Ramakrishnan, R.; Wal, R. L.Vander.

Materials for Energy, Efficiency and Sustainability - TechConnect Briefs 2017. ed. / Bart Romanowicz; Fiona Case; Matthew Laudon; Fiona Case. TechConnect, 2017. p. 251-252 (Advanced Materials - TechConnect Briefs 2017; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - Electrodes fabricated from porous carbons derived from biomass have been observed to be suitable for high capacity energy storage, and subsequently investigated for their effectiveness in CDI, but there is a dearth of studies to find a relationship between the electrochemical performance of the carbon and the biomass properties and process conditions. Because cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin are the main components in biomass, in this study, we produce carbons from rice hull, switchgrass and poplar wood, each representative of cellulose-rich, hemicellulose-rich and lignin-rich biomass, respectively. The investigation goal is correlating electrochemical performance of the carbon to the nature of the biomass precursor and the processing conditions. This study will aid in identifying and classifying biomass raw materials to develop carbon materials with well-defined pore structures.

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Sengupta A, Ramakrishnan R, Wal RLV. Electrocapacitive desalination of brackish water using biochars. In Romanowicz B, Case F, Laudon M, Case F, editors, Materials for Energy, Efficiency and Sustainability - TechConnect Briefs 2017. TechConnect. 2017. p. 251-252. (Advanced Materials - TechConnect Briefs 2017).