Electrochemical Behavior of Telluride Ions (Te 2- ) in Molten LiCl-Li 2 Te Solution at 650 °c

Timothy Lichtenstein, Nadia A. Elbaar, Takanari Ouchi, Hojong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The electrochemical behavior of Te 2- ions was investigated in the LiCl-Li 2 Te binary on glassy carbon electrodes at 650 °C as a means to understand the fundamental thermodynamic and mass transport properties of Te 2- ions. Cyclic voltammetry and constant-potential electrolysis confirmed an electrochemically reversible, two-electron soluble-insoluble reaction of Te 2- /Te(l). The formal potential for the Te 2- /Te(l) reaction was determined to be 1.744 V vs Li + /Li(l), and the diffusivity of Te 2- ions was about 0.44-1.25 × 10 -5 cm 2 s -1 . The low value for diffusivity relative to those of other cations in molten salts suggests the possibility of forming complex ions such as [Li 8 Te] 6+ due to strong chemical interactions with Li + ions in the electrolyte. The anodic polarization of Te(l) indicated that the formation of TeCl 2 (g) and the cathodic polarization of Te(l) involved the codeposition of Li metal into the Te(l). The results of this work provide essential knowledge in developing electrochemical processes for separation of tellurium as well as in mitigating the degradation reactions with structural materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1548-1554
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic chemistry
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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