Electrochemical characterization of liquid phase exfoliated two-dimensional layers of molybdenum disulfide

Andrew Winchester, Sujoy Ghosh, Simin Feng, Ana Laura Elias, Tom Mallouk, Mauricio Terrones, Saikat Talapatra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report on the electrochemical charge storage behavior of few-layered flakes of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) obtained by liquid phase exfoliation of bulk MoS2 powder in 1-dodecyl-2-pyrrolidinone. The specific capacitances of the exfoliated flakes obtained using a 6 M KOH aqueous solution as an electrolyte were found to be an order of magnitude higher than those of bulk MoS2 (∼0.5 and ∼2 mF cm-2 for bulk and exfoliated MoS2 electrodes, respectively). The exfoliated MoS2 flakes also showed significant charge storage in different electrolytes, such as organic solvents [1 M tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate in propylene carbonate (Et4NBF4 in PC)] and ionic liquids [1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (BMIM-PF6)]. The values of specific capacitances obtained using Et4NBF4 in PC and BMIM-PF6 were ∼2.25 and ∼2.4 mF cm-2, respectively. An analysis of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy using an equivalent circuit modeling was performed to understand the charge storage mechanism of these exfoliated MoS2 flakes using different electrolytes. Our findings indicate that liquid phase exfoliation methods can be used to produce large quantities of electrochemically active, two-dimensional layers of MoS2 and can act as an ideal material in several applications related to electrochemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2125-2130
Number of pages6
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 12 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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