Electrochemical Corrosion of Ultra-high Strength Carbon Steel in Alkaline Brines Containing Hydrogen Sulfide

Ruishu Feng, Justin Beck, Margaret Ziomek-Moroz, Serguei Lvov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrochemical corrosion of ultra-high strength carbon steel UD-165 was investigated using in-situ electrochemical techniques in H2S-containing alkaline brines (5 wt% NaCl; pH 7.9, 10.7, and 12.4) with four H2S partial pressures (pH2S) from 0 to 69 kPa at 85 °C. The effects of pH and pH2S were studied in terms of corrosion rate (CR), reaction mechanism, and corrosion products considering the Fe dissolution reactions with HCO3(aq), OH(aq), and HS(aq). While CR generally decreased at higher pH and increased at higher pH2S, both accelerating and inhibiting effects of H2S on CR were observed. High CR at pH 10.7 correlated with a high ratio of HS(aq) to the total concentration of reactive anions. The corrosion products changed from iron carbonate and sulfides to iron oxides as the pH increased. Sulfur was detected mostly in the inner layer of corrosion products at pH 7.9.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)998-1009
Number of pages12
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume212
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2016

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Brines
Hydrogen Sulfide
Electrochemical corrosion
Hydrogen sulfide
Corrosion rate
High strength steel
Carbon steel
Corrosion
Carbonates
Sulfides
Iron oxides
Sulfur
Partial pressure
Anions
Dissolution
Negative ions
Iron

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Electrochemical Corrosion of Ultra-high Strength Carbon Steel in Alkaline Brines Containing Hydrogen Sulfide",
abstract = "Electrochemical corrosion of ultra-high strength carbon steel UD-165 was investigated using in-situ electrochemical techniques in H2S-containing alkaline brines (5 wt{\%} NaCl; pH 7.9, 10.7, and 12.4) with four H2S partial pressures (pH2S) from 0 to 69 kPa at 85 °C. The effects of pH and pH2S were studied in terms of corrosion rate (CR), reaction mechanism, and corrosion products considering the Fe dissolution reactions with HCO3−(aq), OH−(aq), and HS−(aq). While CR generally decreased at higher pH and increased at higher pH2S, both accelerating and inhibiting effects of H2S on CR were observed. High CR at pH 10.7 correlated with a high ratio of HS−(aq) to the total concentration of reactive anions. The corrosion products changed from iron carbonate and sulfides to iron oxides as the pH increased. Sulfur was detected mostly in the inner layer of corrosion products at pH 7.9.",
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Electrochemical Corrosion of Ultra-high Strength Carbon Steel in Alkaline Brines Containing Hydrogen Sulfide. / Feng, Ruishu; Beck, Justin; Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret; Lvov, Serguei.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 212, 10.09.2016, p. 998-1009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Electrochemical Corrosion of Ultra-high Strength Carbon Steel in Alkaline Brines Containing Hydrogen Sulfide

AU - Feng, Ruishu

AU - Beck, Justin

AU - Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret

AU - Lvov, Serguei

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AB - Electrochemical corrosion of ultra-high strength carbon steel UD-165 was investigated using in-situ electrochemical techniques in H2S-containing alkaline brines (5 wt% NaCl; pH 7.9, 10.7, and 12.4) with four H2S partial pressures (pH2S) from 0 to 69 kPa at 85 °C. The effects of pH and pH2S were studied in terms of corrosion rate (CR), reaction mechanism, and corrosion products considering the Fe dissolution reactions with HCO3−(aq), OH−(aq), and HS−(aq). While CR generally decreased at higher pH and increased at higher pH2S, both accelerating and inhibiting effects of H2S on CR were observed. High CR at pH 10.7 correlated with a high ratio of HS−(aq) to the total concentration of reactive anions. The corrosion products changed from iron carbonate and sulfides to iron oxides as the pH increased. Sulfur was detected mostly in the inner layer of corrosion products at pH 7.9.

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