Electron transfer in the complex of membrane-bound human cytochrome P450 3A4 with the flavin domain of P450BM-3: The effect of oligomerization of the heme protein and intermittent modulation of the spin equilibrium

Dmitri R. Davydov, Elena V. Sineva, Srinivas Sistla, Nadezhda Y. Davydova, Daniel J. Frank, Stephen G. Sligar, James R. Halpert

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Abstract

We studied the kinetics of NADPH-dependent reduction of human CYP3A4 incorporated into Nanodiscs (CYP3A4-ND) and proteoliposomes in order to probe the effect of P450 oligomerization on its reduction. The flavin domain of cytochrome P450-BM3 (BMR) was used as a model electron donor partner. Unlike CYP3A4 oligomers, where only 50% of the enzyme was shown to be reducible by BMR, CYP3A4-ND could be reduced almost completely. High reducibility was also observed in proteoliposomes with a high lipid-to-protein ratio (L/P = 910), where the oligomerization equilibrium is displaced towards monomers. In contrast, the reducibililty in proteoliposomes with L/P = 76 did not exceed 55 ± 6%. The effect of the surface density of CYP3A4 in proteoliposomes on the oligomerization equilibrium was confirmed with a FRET-based assay employing a cysteine-depleted mutant labeled on Cys-468 with BODIPY iodoacetamide. These results confirm a pivotal role of CYP3A4 oligomerization in its functional heterogeneity. Furthermore, the investigation of the initial phase of the kinetics of CYP3A4 reduction showed that the addition of NADPH causes a rapid low-to-high-spin transition in the CYP3A4-BMR complex, which is followed by a partial slower reversal. This observation reveals a mechanism whereby the CYP3A4 spin equilibrium is modulated by the redox state of the bound flavoprotein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)378-390
Number of pages13
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1797
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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