Electron-Transfer Reactions of Ruthenium Trisbipyridyl-Viologen Donor-Acceptor Molecules: Comparison of the Distance Dependence of Electron-Transfer Rates in the Normal and Marcus Inverted Regions

Edward H. Yonemoto, Geoffrey B. Saupe, Richard L. Riley, Brent L. Iverson, Russell H. Schmehl, Stefan M. Hubig, Thomas E. Mallouk

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Abstract

The rates of photoinduced forward and thermal back electron transfer (ET) in a series of donor-acceptor molecules (2,2'-bipyridine) 2 Ru(4-CH 3 -2,2'-bipyridine-4')(CH 2 ) n (4,4'-bipyridinium-CH 3 ) 4+ (n = 1-5,7,8) were studied by flash photolysis/transient absorbance techniques. The rate of intramolecular forward ET (MLCT quenching) in acetonitrile varies exponentially with the number of carbon atoms in the spacer chain up to n = 5 and is roughly constant for n = 5, 7, 8, consistent with a predominantly "through bond" electron transfer pathway for short chains and a "through solvent" pathway for longer chains. Encapsulation of the spacer chain by β-cyclodextrin molecules slows the rate of forward ET for n = 7, 8, consistent with a "through bond" ET pathway. The rate of back ET, which occurs in the Marcus inverted region, also varies exponentially with n, but more weakly than the forward ET rates. Apparent β values (defined by k ET = A exp(-βr DA ), where r DA is the donor-acceptor distance) are 1.38 and 0.66 Å -1 for forward and back ET, respectively. However, correction of K et for the distance dependence of the solvent reorganization energy gives similar values (1.0-1.2 Å -1 ) of β for the two ET reactions. In this case, β describes the distance dependence of |V| 2 (V = electronic coupling matrix element) rather than that of k ET .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4786-4795
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume116
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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