Electronic and ionic transport in liquid PbO-SiO2 systems

Uday Pal, T. Debroy, G. Simkovich

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The objective of the present work was to examine electronic transport in the PbO-SiO2 melt. The experimental work consisted of studying the oxidation of liquid Pb covered by a layer of liquid PbO-SiO2 using a thermogravimetric arrangement. Oxidation of liquid Pb was dependent on the melt height and was parabolic in nature, indicating the oxidation process to be diffusion controlled. We observed a moderate increase in the oxidation rate with additions of a transition metal oxide (Fe2O3) to the melt. However, when melt/gas and melt/metal interfaces were short circuited by Ir wires, a much higher increase in the oxidation rate was noticed. Additionally, the conductivity of the PbO-SiO2 melt with Fe2O3 additions was measured as a function of Po, to detect the nature of electronic contribution by the Fe2O3. Combining the results of the oxidation and conductivity experiments, we conclude that the oxidation of liquid lead covered by liquid slag occurs through ionic and rate controlling electronic (probably electron holes) transport in the melt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-82
Number of pages6
JournalMetallurgical Transactions B
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


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