Electronic relaxation dynamics in isolated and aggregated hollow gold nanospheres

Kenneth Knappenberger, Adam M. Schwartzberg, Anne Marie Dowgiallo, Casey A. Lowman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

(Figure Presented) Electronic relaxation and interparticle electromagnetic coupling processes in hollow gold nanospheres (HGNs) and HGN aggregates are described. These plasmon-tunable HGNs exhibit an unexpected, but systematic, blue shift of the surface plasmon resonance spectral position when the particles are aggregated. Femtosecond transient absorption measurements and finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculations are used to demonstrate that this blue shift is the result of delocalization of the Fermi-gas over multiple particles, an effect not observed with solid spherical particles. The ultrafast electron-phonon coupling lifetimes for the thin-shelled HGNs increase upon aggregation, indicating significant enhancement in interparticle electromagnetic coupling. For instance, a 48-nm HGN with a shell thickness of 7 nm shows ultrafast electron-phonon coupling with a lifetime of 300 ± 100 fs, and upon aggregation, this lifetime increases to 730 ± 140 fs. The experimental data strongly suggest that confinement effects in HGNs allow for enhanced energy transport over nanometer distances and this effect can be applied to developing more efficient devices, including photovoltaics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13892-13893
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume131
Issue number39
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 7 2009

Fingerprint

Nanospheres
Gold
Phonons
Electromagnetic coupling
Electromagnetic Phenomena
Agglomeration
Electrons
Surface Plasmon Resonance
Surface plasmon resonance
Gases
Equipment and Supplies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Knappenberger, Kenneth ; Schwartzberg, Adam M. ; Dowgiallo, Anne Marie ; Lowman, Casey A. / Electronic relaxation dynamics in isolated and aggregated hollow gold nanospheres. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2009 ; Vol. 131, No. 39. pp. 13892-13893.
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Electronic relaxation dynamics in isolated and aggregated hollow gold nanospheres. / Knappenberger, Kenneth; Schwartzberg, Adam M.; Dowgiallo, Anne Marie; Lowman, Casey A.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, No. 39, 07.10.2009, p. 13892-13893.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electronic relaxation dynamics in isolated and aggregated hollow gold nanospheres

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AU - Schwartzberg, Adam M.

AU - Dowgiallo, Anne Marie

AU - Lowman, Casey A.

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N2 - (Figure Presented) Electronic relaxation and interparticle electromagnetic coupling processes in hollow gold nanospheres (HGNs) and HGN aggregates are described. These plasmon-tunable HGNs exhibit an unexpected, but systematic, blue shift of the surface plasmon resonance spectral position when the particles are aggregated. Femtosecond transient absorption measurements and finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculations are used to demonstrate that this blue shift is the result of delocalization of the Fermi-gas over multiple particles, an effect not observed with solid spherical particles. The ultrafast electron-phonon coupling lifetimes for the thin-shelled HGNs increase upon aggregation, indicating significant enhancement in interparticle electromagnetic coupling. For instance, a 48-nm HGN with a shell thickness of 7 nm shows ultrafast electron-phonon coupling with a lifetime of 300 ± 100 fs, and upon aggregation, this lifetime increases to 730 ± 140 fs. The experimental data strongly suggest that confinement effects in HGNs allow for enhanced energy transport over nanometer distances and this effect can be applied to developing more efficient devices, including photovoltaics.

AB - (Figure Presented) Electronic relaxation and interparticle electromagnetic coupling processes in hollow gold nanospheres (HGNs) and HGN aggregates are described. These plasmon-tunable HGNs exhibit an unexpected, but systematic, blue shift of the surface plasmon resonance spectral position when the particles are aggregated. Femtosecond transient absorption measurements and finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculations are used to demonstrate that this blue shift is the result of delocalization of the Fermi-gas over multiple particles, an effect not observed with solid spherical particles. The ultrafast electron-phonon coupling lifetimes for the thin-shelled HGNs increase upon aggregation, indicating significant enhancement in interparticle electromagnetic coupling. For instance, a 48-nm HGN with a shell thickness of 7 nm shows ultrafast electron-phonon coupling with a lifetime of 300 ± 100 fs, and upon aggregation, this lifetime increases to 730 ± 140 fs. The experimental data strongly suggest that confinement effects in HGNs allow for enhanced energy transport over nanometer distances and this effect can be applied to developing more efficient devices, including photovoltaics.

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