Electrorheological fluid dynamics

Jianwei Zhang, Xiuqing Gong, Chun Liu, Weijia Wen, Ping Sheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use the Onsager principle to derive a two-phase continuum formulation for the hydrodynamics of the electrorheological (ER) fluid, consisting of dielectric microspheres dispersed in an insulating liquid. Predictions of the theory are in excellent agreement with the experiments. In particular, it is shown that whereas the usual configuration of applied electric field being perpendicular to the shearing direction can lead to shear thinning at high shear rates and thus the loss of ER effect, the interdigitated, alternating electrodes configuration can eliminate the shear-thinning effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number194503
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume101
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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