Embedded reporting during the invasion and occupation of Iraq: How the embedding of journalists affects television news reports

Michael Pfau, Michel M. Haigh, Lindsay Logsdon, Christopher Perrine, James P. Baldwin, Rick E. Breitenfeldt, Joel Cesar, Dawn Dearden, Greg Kuntz, Edgar Montalvo, Dwaine Roberts, Richard Romero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study compared embedded and nonembedded (unilateral) television news coverage during the invasion and the occupation of Iraq. Content analysis was conducted of ABC, CBS, NBC, and CNN news during the invasion and during the occupation examining whether embedded and nonembedded news reports were different and, if so, how. The results revealed that compared to nonembedded reports, embedded network television news stories were more favorable in overall tone toward the military, more favorable in depictions of military personnel, and featured greater use of episodic frames which, as a result, elicited somewhat more positive relational cues. In addition, the results indicated that compared to network news coverage of the occupation, news stories of the invasion were more positive in tone and employed more episodic framing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-487
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication

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    Pfau, M., Haigh, M. M., Logsdon, L., Perrine, C., Baldwin, J. P., Breitenfeldt, R. E., Cesar, J., Dearden, D., Kuntz, G., Montalvo, E., Roberts, D., & Romero, R. (2005). Embedded reporting during the invasion and occupation of Iraq: How the embedding of journalists affects television news reports. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 49(4), 468-487. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15506878jobem4904_7