A renal artery aneurysm with an associated arteriovenous fistula in a native kidney has been reported infrequently in the literature. Management depends on size, location, and the patient's physiological condition. We describe a case in which endovascular therapy was used to successfully exclude both aneurysm and fistula. This report describes a 13-centimeter renal artery aneurysm with arteriovenous fistula originating from an isolated branch of the renal artery. Coil-embolization resulted in thrombosis of the aneurysm and fistula while preserving parenchymal perfusion. Coil embolization is an alternative to surgery for coexistent renal artery aneurysm and arteriovenous fistula arising from a branch of adequate length for placement of embolic coils. Successful treatment is not limited by aneurysm size or presence of arteriovenous connection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine