Emergence of intrinsic superconductivity below 1.178 K in the topologically non-trivial semimetal state of CaSn3

Y. L. Zhu, J. Hu, F. N. Womack, D. Graf, Y. Wang, P. W. Adams, Z. Q. Mao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Topological materials which are also superconducting are of great current interest, since they may exhibit a non-trivial topologically-mediated superconducting phase. Although there have been many reports of pressure-tuned or chemical-doping-induced superconductivity in a variety of topological materials, there have been few examples of intrinsic, ambient pressure superconductivity in a topological system having a stoichiometric composition. Here, we report that the pure intermetallic CaSn3 not only exhibits topological fermion properties, but also has a superconducting phase at ∼1.178 K under ambient pressure. The topological fermion properties, including the nearly zero quasi-particle mass and the non-trivial Berry phase accumulated in cyclotron motions, were revealed from the de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) quantum oscillation studies of this material. Although CaSn3 was previously reported to be superconducting with Tc = 4.2 K, our studies show that the Tc = 4.2 K superconductivity is extrinsic and caused by Sn on the degraded surface, whereas its intrinsic bulk superconducting transition occurs at 1.178 K. These findings make CaSn3 a promising candidate for exploring new exotic states arising from the interplay between non-trivial band topology and superconductivity, e.g. topological superconductivity (TSC).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number245703
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume21
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Metalloids
metalloids
Superconductivity
superconductivity
Fermions
fermions
particle mass
Cyclotrons
elementary excitations
Intermetallics
cyclotrons
intermetallics
topology
Doping (additives)
Topology
oscillations
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Emergence of intrinsic superconductivity below 1.178 K in the topologically non-trivial semimetal state of CaSn3",
abstract = "Topological materials which are also superconducting are of great current interest, since they may exhibit a non-trivial topologically-mediated superconducting phase. Although there have been many reports of pressure-tuned or chemical-doping-induced superconductivity in a variety of topological materials, there have been few examples of intrinsic, ambient pressure superconductivity in a topological system having a stoichiometric composition. Here, we report that the pure intermetallic CaSn3 not only exhibits topological fermion properties, but also has a superconducting phase at ∼1.178 K under ambient pressure. The topological fermion properties, including the nearly zero quasi-particle mass and the non-trivial Berry phase accumulated in cyclotron motions, were revealed from the de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) quantum oscillation studies of this material. Although CaSn3 was previously reported to be superconducting with Tc = 4.2 K, our studies show that the Tc = 4.2 K superconductivity is extrinsic and caused by Sn on the degraded surface, whereas its intrinsic bulk superconducting transition occurs at 1.178 K. These findings make CaSn3 a promising candidate for exploring new exotic states arising from the interplay between non-trivial band topology and superconductivity, e.g. topological superconductivity (TSC).",
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Emergence of intrinsic superconductivity below 1.178 K in the topologically non-trivial semimetal state of CaSn3. / Zhu, Y. L.; Hu, J.; Womack, F. N.; Graf, D.; Wang, Y.; Adams, P. W.; Mao, Z. Q.

In: Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, Vol. 21, No. 24, 245703, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Wang, Y.

AU - Adams, P. W.

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