Emergent by design: Performance and transformation at Infosys technologies

Raghu Garud, Arun Kumaraswamy, V. Sambamurthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations


We explore how organizations may be designed to transform themselves even as they continue to perform seamlessly on a day-to-day basis. Our inquiry frame recognizes that organizational designs comprise several elements - people, technologies, processes, and governance. Our study of an exemplary organization, Infosys Technologies, yields two insights. At Infosys, each design element is seeded with generative properties. As these design elements interact, reinforcing and balancing one another, an overall organizational platform of resources, capabilities, and options emerges. The company draws on this emergent platform to perform in real time even as it transforms itself to adapt to changing environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-286
Number of pages10
JournalOrganization Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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