Introduction: The use of mechanical ventilation is an invaluable tool in caring for critically ill patients. Enhancing our capabilities in mechanical ventilation has been instrumental in the ability to support clinical conditions and diseases which were once associated with high mortality. Areas covered: Within this manuscript, we will look to discuss emerging approaches to improving the care of pediatric patients who require mechanical ventilation. After an extensive literature search, we will provide a brief review of the history and pathophysiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome, an assessment of several ventilator settings, a discussion on assisted ventilation, review of therapy used to rescue in severe respiratory failure, methods of monitoring the effects of mechanical ventilation, and nutrition. Expert opinion: As we have advanced in our care, we are seeing children survive illnesses that would have once claimed their lives. Given this knowledge, we must continue to advance the research in pediatric critical care to understand the means in which we can tailor the therapy to the patient in efforts to efficiently liberate them from mechanical ventilation once their illness has resolved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health