Emotion regulation as a mediator between depressive symptoms and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in adults with ASD and intellectual disabilities

Gema P. Sáez-Suanes, Domingo García-Villamisar, Araceli del Pozo Armentia, John Dattilo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Depressive symptoms in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are common. Transdiagnostic factors as executive functions and emotional regulation strategies can explain the relationship between depressive symptoms and ASD. Method: 121 adults (M = 35.46 years, SD = 9.46) with ASD and intellectual disabilities (ID) were evaluated to determine the predictive and mediating role of executive functioning and emotional regulation strategies. Results: Transdiagnostic variables related to emotion regulation correlated with depressive symptoms; however, executive dysfunction was not associated with depression. Hierarchical linear regression showed emotional regulation strategies were a predictor of depression. A multiple mediation analysis also supported the mediating role of emotional regulation variables between ASD and depression. Conclusion: These findings suggest that emotional regulation (ER) strategies can play an important role in the genesis and development of depressive symptomatology in adults with ASD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101654
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume78
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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