Emotional congruence in older couples coping with wives' osteoarthritis: Exacerbating effects of pain behavior

Jennifer A. Druley, Lynn Margaret Martire, Mary Ann Parris Stephens, Nicole Ennis, William C. Wojno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors examined congruence in the negative emotions (depression, anger) of 101 female osteoarthritis patients (M age = 69 years) and their caregiving husbands (M age = 71 years) and the extent to which patients' pain behavior (e.g., limping, rubbing joints) exacerbated linkages between partners' negative emotions. Associations between patients' and husbands' emotions were examined within domains (e.g., depression-depression) and across domains (e.g., depression-anger) over a 6-month interval. Regression analyses revealed that patients' initial levels of depressive symptoms and anger were related to increases in their husbands' anger over time. The associations between patients' depressive symptoms and their husbands' depressive symptoms and anger were conditioned by pain behaviors. Patients who were more depressed and who engaged in high levels of pain behavior had husbands who became more depressed and angry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-414
Number of pages9
JournalPsychology and aging
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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