Emotional response at the time of a potentially traumatizing event and PTSD symptomatology: A preliminary retrospective analysis of the DSM-IV Criterion A-2

Lizabeth Roemer, Susan M. Orsillo, T. D. Borkovec, Brett T. Litz

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64 Scopus citations

Abstract

DSM-IV added an emotional response component to the definition of Criterion A for PTSD. The present study investigated the relationship between retrospective reports of emotional responses (fear, helplessness, and horror) and disrupted emotional responses ('numbing') at the time of a potentially traumatizing event and reports of PTSD symptomatology among undergraduate participants. We found that, of the DSM-IV criteria, only helplessness was significantly correlated with post-traumatic symptomatology. Reports of peritraumatic emotional numbing uniquely predicted subsequent PTSD symptomatology beyond coincident emotional responses, suggesting that further research is needed to explore the various dimensions of peritraumatic emotional response relevant to the development of PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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