End-organ radiographic manifestations of cranial neuropathies: A concise review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Cranial neuropathies are a spectrum of disorders associated with dysfunction of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves and the subsequent anatomic structures they innervate. Objective The purpose of this article is to review radiographic imaging findings of end-organ aberrations secondary to cranial neuropathies. Method All articles related to cranial neuropathies were retrieved through the PubMed MEDLINE NCBI database from January 1, 1991 to August 31, 2014. These manuscripts were analyzed for their relation to cranial nerve end-organ disease pathogenesis and radiographic imaging. Results The present review reveals detectable end-organ changes on CT and/or MRI for the following cranial nerves: olfactory nerve, optic nerve, oculomotor nerve, trochlear nerve, trigeminal nerve, abducens nerve, facial nerve, vestibulocochlear nerve, glossopharyngeal nerve, vagus nerve, accessory nerve, and hypoglossal nerve. Conclusion Radiographic imaging can assist in the detailed evaluation of end-organ involvement, often revealing a corresponding cranial nerve injury with high sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy. A thorough understanding of the distal manifestations of cranial nerve disease can optimize early pathologic detection as well as dictate further clinical management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-11
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Imaging
Volume44
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

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Cranial Nerve Diseases
Cranial Nerves
Cranial Nerve Injuries
Trochlear Nerve
Vestibulocochlear Nerve
Abducens Nerve
Accessory Nerve
Glossopharyngeal Nerve
Olfactory Nerve
Hypoglossal Nerve
Oculomotor Nerve
Trigeminal Nerve
Vagus Nerve
Manuscripts
Facial Nerve
Optic Nerve
PubMed
MEDLINE
Databases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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abstract = "Background Cranial neuropathies are a spectrum of disorders associated with dysfunction of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves and the subsequent anatomic structures they innervate. Objective The purpose of this article is to review radiographic imaging findings of end-organ aberrations secondary to cranial neuropathies. Method All articles related to cranial neuropathies were retrieved through the PubMed MEDLINE NCBI database from January 1, 1991 to August 31, 2014. These manuscripts were analyzed for their relation to cranial nerve end-organ disease pathogenesis and radiographic imaging. Results The present review reveals detectable end-organ changes on CT and/or MRI for the following cranial nerves: olfactory nerve, optic nerve, oculomotor nerve, trochlear nerve, trigeminal nerve, abducens nerve, facial nerve, vestibulocochlear nerve, glossopharyngeal nerve, vagus nerve, accessory nerve, and hypoglossal nerve. Conclusion Radiographic imaging can assist in the detailed evaluation of end-organ involvement, often revealing a corresponding cranial nerve injury with high sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy. A thorough understanding of the distal manifestations of cranial nerve disease can optimize early pathologic detection as well as dictate further clinical management.",
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End-organ radiographic manifestations of cranial neuropathies : A concise review. / Patel, Vijay A.; Zacharia, T Thomas; Goldenberg, David; McGinn, Johnathan.

In: Clinical Imaging, Vol. 44, 01.07.2017, p. 5-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Background Cranial neuropathies are a spectrum of disorders associated with dysfunction of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves and the subsequent anatomic structures they innervate. Objective The purpose of this article is to review radiographic imaging findings of end-organ aberrations secondary to cranial neuropathies. Method All articles related to cranial neuropathies were retrieved through the PubMed MEDLINE NCBI database from January 1, 1991 to August 31, 2014. These manuscripts were analyzed for their relation to cranial nerve end-organ disease pathogenesis and radiographic imaging. Results The present review reveals detectable end-organ changes on CT and/or MRI for the following cranial nerves: olfactory nerve, optic nerve, oculomotor nerve, trochlear nerve, trigeminal nerve, abducens nerve, facial nerve, vestibulocochlear nerve, glossopharyngeal nerve, vagus nerve, accessory nerve, and hypoglossal nerve. Conclusion Radiographic imaging can assist in the detailed evaluation of end-organ involvement, often revealing a corresponding cranial nerve injury with high sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy. A thorough understanding of the distal manifestations of cranial nerve disease can optimize early pathologic detection as well as dictate further clinical management.

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