Amylase and xylanase enzyme concentrations in the pancreas, small intestine, and crop were measured in Nicholas male poults fed diets with and without supplemental amylase and xylanase from 0 to 8 wk of age. Eight birds from each of three diets (control, amylase-supplemented, xylanase-supplemented) were killed every 3 d to determine the amylase and xylanase activity within the pancreas, small intestine, and crop. Pancreatic organ weight was not affected by diet, indicating an absence of dietary amylase effect upon pancreatic tissue growth. Pancreatic amylase activity was not consistently affected by diet. Amylase activity within the intestinal chyme increased sporadically with dietary amylase supplementation over the control and xylanase-supplemented diets. Increasing supplemental amylase activity levels may provide more conclusive evidence of an additive effect of dietary amylase and endogenous amylase activity. Xylanase supplementation within the feed did not affect endogenous amylase activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology