Endophthalmitis: Classification and current management

Stephen G. Schwartz, Harry W. Flynn, Ingrid Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endophthalmitis remains an important cause of visual morbidity, even with appropriate and prompt treatment. Infectious endophthalmitis may be categorized by the cause of the infection and the characteristic timing of clinical symptoms and signs. The differential diagnosis includes noninfectious inflammation, such as toxic anterior segment syndrome, as well as pseudohypopyon composed of triamcinolone acetonide or dehemoglobinized intraocular hemorrhage. Two relatively newly appreciated categories of endophthalmitis that are becoming more prevalent are endophthalmitis associated with microbial keratitis and endophthalmitis following intravitreal injection. The Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study provides useful guidelines for the management of endophthalmitis. Prompt administration of antimicrobials is usually associated with better visual outcome making early diagnosis important. Advances in the management and prevention of endophthalmitis will probably come from improved antibiotic coverage, more effective removal of infected tissue, more rapid diagnosis and improved prevention strategies. The ultimate goal is improved visual results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-396
Number of pages12
JournalExpert Review of Ophthalmology
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

Fingerprint

Endophthalmitis
Antibiotics
Tissue
Triamcinolone Acetonide
Intravitreal Injections
Keratitis
Poisons
Vitrectomy
Signs and Symptoms
Early Diagnosis
Differential Diagnosis
Guidelines
Hemorrhage
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Inflammation
Morbidity
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry

Cite this

Schwartz, Stephen G. ; Flynn, Harry W. ; Scott, Ingrid. / Endophthalmitis : Classification and current management. In: Expert Review of Ophthalmology. 2007 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 385-396.
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Endophthalmitis : Classification and current management. / Schwartz, Stephen G.; Flynn, Harry W.; Scott, Ingrid.

In: Expert Review of Ophthalmology, Vol. 2, No. 3, 01.06.2007, p. 385-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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