Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms is increasingly used and has evolved as an alternative to surgical clipping. However, its long-term efficacy has yet to be established. This retrospective hospital based (tertiary teaching hospital) study aimed to identify factors that might be important in predicting initial efficacy of this treatment and a long-term follow-up to study the clinical and angiographic results of treated aneurysms. A total of 80 aneurysms in 78 patients were treated and analyzed, and the percentage of occlusion calculated. Overall, 51/80 (64%) cases were treated with selective endovascular coil occlusion and 29/80 (36%) by parent artery occlusion. The shape of the aneurysm rest was noted on the immediate post treatment and follow-up angiograms. Immediate and follow-up clinical status was also noted using the Glasgow outcome scale. The clinical and radiological changes on follow-up were assessed and possible factors involved were analyzed. Of the 50 patients of intracranial aneurysms that underwent selective aneurysm coiling, good immediate outcome (Glasgow outcome scale 1 and 2) was seen in 36/50 (72%) cases. Narrow necked aneurysms showed a good immediate result (90-100% packing) in all cases 28/28 (100%). Amongst the wide necked aneurysms, good packing (90-100%) was achieved in 17/23 (73%) cases. Amongst the cases treated with parent artery occlusion, complete occlusion was noted in 20/29 (69%) cases. No subarachnoid hemorrhage was seen in any of the followed up cases of coiled aneurysms. A statistically significant relationship was noted between aneurysm neck size and immediate angiographic outcome. Long-term angiographic recurrences were found more often in large aneurysms. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms is a safe and effective treatment modality that offers protection from recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology