Enduring vulnerabilities, relationship attributions, and couple conflict

An integrative model of the occurrence and frequency of intimate partner violence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We tested an integrative model of individual and dyadic variables contributing to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. Based on the vulnerability-stress-adaptation (VSA) model, we hypothesized that three " enduring vulnerabilities" (i.e., antisocial behavior, hostility, and depressive symptoms) would be associated with a " maladaptive process" (i.e., negative relationship attributions) that would lead to difficulties in couple conflict resolution, thus leading to IPV. Among a community sample of 167 heterosexual couples who were expecting their first child, we used an actor-partner interdependence model to account for the dyadic nature of conflict and IPV, as well as a hurdle count model to improve upon prior methods for modeling IPV data. Study results provided general support for the integrative model, demonstrating the importance of considering couple conflict in the prediction of IPV and showing the relative importance of multiple predictor variables. Gender symmetry was observed for the prediction of IPV occurrence, with gender differences emerging in the prediction of IPV frequency. Relatively speaking, the prediction of IPV frequency appeared to be a function of enduring vulnerabilities among men, but a function of couple conflict among women. Results also revealed important cross-gender effects in the prediction of IPV, reflecting the inherently dyadic nature of IPV, particularly in the case of " common couple violence." Future research using longitudinal designs is necessary to verify the conclusions suggested by the current results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)709-718
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

Fingerprint

Conflict (Psychology)
Intimate Partner Violence
Hostility
Heterosexuality
Negotiating
Violence
Depression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

@article{48c722e261704df9a362c4a11bb0ab94,
title = "Enduring vulnerabilities, relationship attributions, and couple conflict: An integrative model of the occurrence and frequency of intimate partner violence",
abstract = "We tested an integrative model of individual and dyadic variables contributing to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. Based on the vulnerability-stress-adaptation (VSA) model, we hypothesized that three {"} enduring vulnerabilities{"} (i.e., antisocial behavior, hostility, and depressive symptoms) would be associated with a {"} maladaptive process{"} (i.e., negative relationship attributions) that would lead to difficulties in couple conflict resolution, thus leading to IPV. Among a community sample of 167 heterosexual couples who were expecting their first child, we used an actor-partner interdependence model to account for the dyadic nature of conflict and IPV, as well as a hurdle count model to improve upon prior methods for modeling IPV data. Study results provided general support for the integrative model, demonstrating the importance of considering couple conflict in the prediction of IPV and showing the relative importance of multiple predictor variables. Gender symmetry was observed for the prediction of IPV occurrence, with gender differences emerging in the prediction of IPV frequency. Relatively speaking, the prediction of IPV frequency appeared to be a function of enduring vulnerabilities among men, but a function of couple conflict among women. Results also revealed important cross-gender effects in the prediction of IPV, reflecting the inherently dyadic nature of IPV, particularly in the case of {"} common couple violence.{"} Future research using longitudinal designs is necessary to verify the conclusions suggested by the current results.",
author = "Marshall, {Amy Dyanna} and Jones, {Damon Evan} and Feinberg, {Mark Ethan}",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0025279",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "709--718",
journal = "Journal of Family Psychology",
issn = "0893-3200",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enduring vulnerabilities, relationship attributions, and couple conflict

T2 - An integrative model of the occurrence and frequency of intimate partner violence

AU - Marshall, Amy Dyanna

AU - Jones, Damon Evan

AU - Feinberg, Mark Ethan

PY - 2011/10/1

Y1 - 2011/10/1

N2 - We tested an integrative model of individual and dyadic variables contributing to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. Based on the vulnerability-stress-adaptation (VSA) model, we hypothesized that three " enduring vulnerabilities" (i.e., antisocial behavior, hostility, and depressive symptoms) would be associated with a " maladaptive process" (i.e., negative relationship attributions) that would lead to difficulties in couple conflict resolution, thus leading to IPV. Among a community sample of 167 heterosexual couples who were expecting their first child, we used an actor-partner interdependence model to account for the dyadic nature of conflict and IPV, as well as a hurdle count model to improve upon prior methods for modeling IPV data. Study results provided general support for the integrative model, demonstrating the importance of considering couple conflict in the prediction of IPV and showing the relative importance of multiple predictor variables. Gender symmetry was observed for the prediction of IPV occurrence, with gender differences emerging in the prediction of IPV frequency. Relatively speaking, the prediction of IPV frequency appeared to be a function of enduring vulnerabilities among men, but a function of couple conflict among women. Results also revealed important cross-gender effects in the prediction of IPV, reflecting the inherently dyadic nature of IPV, particularly in the case of " common couple violence." Future research using longitudinal designs is necessary to verify the conclusions suggested by the current results.

AB - We tested an integrative model of individual and dyadic variables contributing to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. Based on the vulnerability-stress-adaptation (VSA) model, we hypothesized that three " enduring vulnerabilities" (i.e., antisocial behavior, hostility, and depressive symptoms) would be associated with a " maladaptive process" (i.e., negative relationship attributions) that would lead to difficulties in couple conflict resolution, thus leading to IPV. Among a community sample of 167 heterosexual couples who were expecting their first child, we used an actor-partner interdependence model to account for the dyadic nature of conflict and IPV, as well as a hurdle count model to improve upon prior methods for modeling IPV data. Study results provided general support for the integrative model, demonstrating the importance of considering couple conflict in the prediction of IPV and showing the relative importance of multiple predictor variables. Gender symmetry was observed for the prediction of IPV occurrence, with gender differences emerging in the prediction of IPV frequency. Relatively speaking, the prediction of IPV frequency appeared to be a function of enduring vulnerabilities among men, but a function of couple conflict among women. Results also revealed important cross-gender effects in the prediction of IPV, reflecting the inherently dyadic nature of IPV, particularly in the case of " common couple violence." Future research using longitudinal designs is necessary to verify the conclusions suggested by the current results.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80054871775&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80054871775&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0025279

DO - 10.1037/a0025279

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 709

EP - 718

JO - Journal of Family Psychology

JF - Journal of Family Psychology

SN - 0893-3200

IS - 5

ER -