Energy and angle resolved SIMS studies of CO on Ni(001)

R. A. Gibbs, S. P. Holland, K. E. Foley, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Energy and angle resolved secondary ion mass spectra (SIMS) for CO chemisorbed on Ni(001) have been examined in detail. This system has been chosen as a model since it provides intense secondary ion yields and since the original surface geometry of the adsorbed CO is known by other techniques. Theoretical curves for the ejected atomic and molecular species have been generated using a classical dynamics procedure for computing the momentum dissipation of the 1000 eV incident Ar+ ion. We found that for Ni+ ion ejection the results agreed well with calculated spectra of the neutral particles where the CO is placed in a linear bonded site, if the neutral atom trajectories were modified by inclusion of an image force. The agreement was excellent for polar angle, azimuthal angle, and secondary particle kinetic energy distributions. Similar agreement was found for Ni 2+ and NiCO+ species although the statistical reliability of the calculated curves was not as high as for the Ni+ species. The results provide convincing evidence that the classical dynamics model can provide a semiquantitative insight into the SIMS process. In addition, the presence of a relatively strong image force indicates that the ion must be formed very close to the surface. Finally, since agreement between theory and experiment was found over a wide range of conditions, the results suggest that the ionization probability of the ejecting particle is isotropic and only weakly dependent on particle velocity. These criteria impose a number of constraints on possible theories of ionization mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)684-695
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of chemical physics
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

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Carbon Monoxide
mass spectra
Ions
ions
Ionization
energy
ionization
surface geometry
neutral particles
curves
neutral atoms
ejection
Kinetic energy
dynamic models
Dynamic models
Momentum
energy distribution
dissipation
kinetic energy
Trajectories

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Gibbs, R. A. ; Holland, S. P. ; Foley, K. E. ; Garrison, B. J. ; Winograd, N. / Energy and angle resolved SIMS studies of CO on Ni(001). In: The Journal of chemical physics. 1982 ; Vol. 76, No. 1. pp. 684-695.
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Gibbs, RA, Holland, SP, Foley, KE, Garrison, BJ & Winograd, N 1982, 'Energy and angle resolved SIMS studies of CO on Ni(001)', The Journal of chemical physics, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 684-695. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.442722

Energy and angle resolved SIMS studies of CO on Ni(001). / Gibbs, R. A.; Holland, S. P.; Foley, K. E.; Garrison, B. J.; Winograd, N.

In: The Journal of chemical physics, Vol. 76, No. 1, 01.01.1982, p. 684-695.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Gibbs, R. A.

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N2 - Energy and angle resolved secondary ion mass spectra (SIMS) for CO chemisorbed on Ni(001) have been examined in detail. This system has been chosen as a model since it provides intense secondary ion yields and since the original surface geometry of the adsorbed CO is known by other techniques. Theoretical curves for the ejected atomic and molecular species have been generated using a classical dynamics procedure for computing the momentum dissipation of the 1000 eV incident Ar+ ion. We found that for Ni+ ion ejection the results agreed well with calculated spectra of the neutral particles where the CO is placed in a linear bonded site, if the neutral atom trajectories were modified by inclusion of an image force. The agreement was excellent for polar angle, azimuthal angle, and secondary particle kinetic energy distributions. Similar agreement was found for Ni 2+ and NiCO+ species although the statistical reliability of the calculated curves was not as high as for the Ni+ species. The results provide convincing evidence that the classical dynamics model can provide a semiquantitative insight into the SIMS process. In addition, the presence of a relatively strong image force indicates that the ion must be formed very close to the surface. Finally, since agreement between theory and experiment was found over a wide range of conditions, the results suggest that the ionization probability of the ejecting particle is isotropic and only weakly dependent on particle velocity. These criteria impose a number of constraints on possible theories of ionization mechanisms.

AB - Energy and angle resolved secondary ion mass spectra (SIMS) for CO chemisorbed on Ni(001) have been examined in detail. This system has been chosen as a model since it provides intense secondary ion yields and since the original surface geometry of the adsorbed CO is known by other techniques. Theoretical curves for the ejected atomic and molecular species have been generated using a classical dynamics procedure for computing the momentum dissipation of the 1000 eV incident Ar+ ion. We found that for Ni+ ion ejection the results agreed well with calculated spectra of the neutral particles where the CO is placed in a linear bonded site, if the neutral atom trajectories were modified by inclusion of an image force. The agreement was excellent for polar angle, azimuthal angle, and secondary particle kinetic energy distributions. Similar agreement was found for Ni 2+ and NiCO+ species although the statistical reliability of the calculated curves was not as high as for the Ni+ species. The results provide convincing evidence that the classical dynamics model can provide a semiquantitative insight into the SIMS process. In addition, the presence of a relatively strong image force indicates that the ion must be formed very close to the surface. Finally, since agreement between theory and experiment was found over a wide range of conditions, the results suggest that the ionization probability of the ejecting particle is isotropic and only weakly dependent on particle velocity. These criteria impose a number of constraints on possible theories of ionization mechanisms.

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