Energy efficacy analysis of a mechanical shaker insweet cherry harvesting

Long He, Jianfeng Zhou, Xiaoqiang Du, Du Chen, Qin Zhang, Manoj Karkee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

To obtain the baseline information for designing a high efficiency mechanical sweet cherry harvester, a series of dynamic and harvesting tests were conducted in orchards. In the dynamic test, a mechanical shaker was used to shake branches of target trees. Three trees were randomly selected for the study and each studied branch of the tested trees was divided into three response zones where one accelerometer was mounted on each zone to record the response to the input excitations. The kinetic energy induced by the input excitation in each response zone was tracked during the course of energy delivery. Results from these dynamic response tests showed that the kinetic energy delivered to an excited branch on average accounted for 60%, 77%, 92% and 95% of input excitation energy at shaking frequency of 6, 10, 14, and 18Hz, respectively. Harvesting tests were also conducted using shaking frequencies of 14 and 18Hz, and test trees were shaken using a sequence of four 5s long intermittent excitations. On average, the shaker removed 67±16% of the fruit during the first cycle of 18Hz shaking, and 42±16% with 14Hz shaking. The shaker energy efficacy, defined as the percentage fruit removal per kilo-joule of input energy, was 6.9±2.2%kJ-1 and 7.4±1.3%kJ-1 during the first cycle of 14 and 18Hz shaking, respectively. The results indicated that the 18Hz shaking frequency reached higher fruit removal efficiency when compared to the 14Hz shaking frequency with similar energy efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-315
Number of pages7
JournalBiosystems Engineering
Volume116
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

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