A pulsatile pediatric ventricular assist device (VAD) with a dynamic stroke volume of approximately 12 ml was tested to quantify the effect of flowrate and systolic duration on pulsatility as quantified by the energy equivalent pressure (EEP), defined as the hemodynamic energy per unit volume of fluid pumped. The VAD was tested on a mock circulatory loop, adjusted to maintain a systemic arterial pressure of approximately 90/60 mm Hg (systolic/diastolic) and a mean of 75 mm Hg. The EEP was calculated for each beat for 1 minute at both the proximal end of the pump outlet cannula and at the distal end (arterial EEP). Nominal mean flowrates were 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, and 1.25 l/min. Systolic duration was set at either 230 or 400 milliseconds. With a rapid systolic ejection (230 milliseconds), the arterial EEP ranged from 5.58% to 8.41% relative to the mean arterial pressure. The highest EEP occurred at the lowest flowrate. With a slower (400 milliseconds) systolic ejection, the arterial EEP ranged from 2.33% to 4.20%. Hemodynamic energy loss in the outlet cannula was also quantified by the differential EEP and shown to increase markedly as systolic duration was decreased, but was relatively insensitive to mean flowrate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering