Energy-storage properties of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-KNbO3 ceramics fabricated by wet-chemical method

Qi Xu, Juan Xie, Zichen He, Lin Zhang, Minghe Cao, Xindi Huang, Michael T. Lanagan, Hua Hao, Zhonghua Yao, Hanxing Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

0.93Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.07BaTiO3 (BNTBT) and KNbO3 (KN) powders with average particle size of ∼50 nm and ∼300 nm were synthesized by sol-gel method and hydrothermal method, respectively. Then, (1 − x)(BNTBT)-xKN (BNTBT-KN, x = 0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07) ceramic samples were prepared using these two powder precursors. The structure, dielectric and energy-storage properties of BNTBT-KN ceramics were comprehensively investigated. All the ceramic samples were in single perovskite structure, indicating that KN can completely dissolve into BNTBT within the studied composition range. BNTBT-KN ceramics exhibited a high dielectric constant at room temperature, being in the order of 1430–1550. Ferroelectric hysteresis loops at room temperature became more slim with the increase of KN content, which largely improved energy-storage density and efficiency. For the composition of x = 0.05, the maximum recoverable energy-storage density reached 1.72 J/cm3 under 16.8 kV/mm, which is superior to linear dielectrics and even some Pb-based systems. All these results demonstrate that 0.95BNTBT-0.05KN fabricated by wet-chemical method is a promising lead-free dielectric material for energy-storage capacitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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Energy storage
Powders
Hysteresis loops
Chemical analysis
Perovskite
Sol-gel process
Ferroelectric materials
Capacitors
Permittivity
Lead
Particle size
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Xu, Qi ; Xie, Juan ; He, Zichen ; Zhang, Lin ; Cao, Minghe ; Huang, Xindi ; Lanagan, Michael T. ; Hao, Hua ; Yao, Zhonghua ; Liu, Hanxing. / Energy-storage properties of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-KNbO3 ceramics fabricated by wet-chemical method. In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society. 2017 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 99-106.
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abstract = "0.93Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.07BaTiO3 (BNTBT) and KNbO3 (KN) powders with average particle size of ∼50 nm and ∼300 nm were synthesized by sol-gel method and hydrothermal method, respectively. Then, (1 − x)(BNTBT)-xKN (BNTBT-KN, x = 0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07) ceramic samples were prepared using these two powder precursors. The structure, dielectric and energy-storage properties of BNTBT-KN ceramics were comprehensively investigated. All the ceramic samples were in single perovskite structure, indicating that KN can completely dissolve into BNTBT within the studied composition range. BNTBT-KN ceramics exhibited a high dielectric constant at room temperature, being in the order of 1430–1550. Ferroelectric hysteresis loops at room temperature became more slim with the increase of KN content, which largely improved energy-storage density and efficiency. For the composition of x = 0.05, the maximum recoverable energy-storage density reached 1.72 J/cm3 under 16.8 kV/mm, which is superior to linear dielectrics and even some Pb-based systems. All these results demonstrate that 0.95BNTBT-0.05KN fabricated by wet-chemical method is a promising lead-free dielectric material for energy-storage capacitors.",
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Energy-storage properties of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-KNbO3 ceramics fabricated by wet-chemical method. / Xu, Qi; Xie, Juan; He, Zichen; Zhang, Lin; Cao, Minghe; Huang, Xindi; Lanagan, Michael T.; Hao, Hua; Yao, Zhonghua; Liu, Hanxing.

In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 37, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 99-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy-storage properties of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-KNbO3 ceramics fabricated by wet-chemical method

AU - Xu, Qi

AU - Xie, Juan

AU - He, Zichen

AU - Zhang, Lin

AU - Cao, Minghe

AU - Huang, Xindi

AU - Lanagan, Michael T.

AU - Hao, Hua

AU - Yao, Zhonghua

AU - Liu, Hanxing

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - 0.93Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.07BaTiO3 (BNTBT) and KNbO3 (KN) powders with average particle size of ∼50 nm and ∼300 nm were synthesized by sol-gel method and hydrothermal method, respectively. Then, (1 − x)(BNTBT)-xKN (BNTBT-KN, x = 0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07) ceramic samples were prepared using these two powder precursors. The structure, dielectric and energy-storage properties of BNTBT-KN ceramics were comprehensively investigated. All the ceramic samples were in single perovskite structure, indicating that KN can completely dissolve into BNTBT within the studied composition range. BNTBT-KN ceramics exhibited a high dielectric constant at room temperature, being in the order of 1430–1550. Ferroelectric hysteresis loops at room temperature became more slim with the increase of KN content, which largely improved energy-storage density and efficiency. For the composition of x = 0.05, the maximum recoverable energy-storage density reached 1.72 J/cm3 under 16.8 kV/mm, which is superior to linear dielectrics and even some Pb-based systems. All these results demonstrate that 0.95BNTBT-0.05KN fabricated by wet-chemical method is a promising lead-free dielectric material for energy-storage capacitors.

AB - 0.93Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.07BaTiO3 (BNTBT) and KNbO3 (KN) powders with average particle size of ∼50 nm and ∼300 nm were synthesized by sol-gel method and hydrothermal method, respectively. Then, (1 − x)(BNTBT)-xKN (BNTBT-KN, x = 0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07) ceramic samples were prepared using these two powder precursors. The structure, dielectric and energy-storage properties of BNTBT-KN ceramics were comprehensively investigated. All the ceramic samples were in single perovskite structure, indicating that KN can completely dissolve into BNTBT within the studied composition range. BNTBT-KN ceramics exhibited a high dielectric constant at room temperature, being in the order of 1430–1550. Ferroelectric hysteresis loops at room temperature became more slim with the increase of KN content, which largely improved energy-storage density and efficiency. For the composition of x = 0.05, the maximum recoverable energy-storage density reached 1.72 J/cm3 under 16.8 kV/mm, which is superior to linear dielectrics and even some Pb-based systems. All these results demonstrate that 0.95BNTBT-0.05KN fabricated by wet-chemical method is a promising lead-free dielectric material for energy-storage capacitors.

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M3 - Article

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EP - 106

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JF - Journal of the European Ceramic Society

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