Engineered biomimicry for harvesting solar energy: A bird's eye view

Raúl J. Martín-Palma, Akhlesh Lakhtakia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


All three methodologies of engineered biomimicry-bioinspiration, biomimetics, and bioreplication-are represented in current research on harvesting solar energy. Both processes and porous surfaces inspired by plants and certain marine animals, respectively, are being investigated for solar cells. Whereas dye-sensitized solar cells deploy artificial photosynthesis, bioinspired nanostructuring of materials in solar cells improves performance. Biomimetically textured coatings for solar cells have been shown to reduce optical reflectance and increase optical absorptance over a broad spectral regime. Compound lenses fabricated by a bioreplication technique offer similar promise for reduced reflectance by increasing the angular field of view.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-90
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Smart and Nano Materials
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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