Engineering double-stranded RNA binding activity into the Drosha double-stranded RNA binding domain results in a loss of microRNA processing function

Joshua C. Kranick, Durga M. Chadalavada, Debashish Sahu, Scott A. Showalter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Canonical processing of miRNA begins in the nucleus with the Microprocessor complex, which is minimally composed of the RNase III enzyme Drosha and two copies of its cofactor protein DGCR8. In structural analogy to most RNase III enzymes, Drosha possesses a modular domain with the double-stranded RNA binding domain (dsRBD) fold. Unlike the dsRBDs found in most members of the RNase III family, the Drosha-dsRBD does not display double-stranded RNA binding activity; perhaps related to this, the Drosha-dsRBD amino acid sequence does not conform well to the canonical patterns expected for a dsRBD. In this article, we investigate the impact on miRNA processing of engineering double-stranded RNA binding activity into Drosha’s non-canonical dsRBD. Our findings corroborate previous studies that have demonstrated the Drosha-dsRBD is necessary for miRNA processing and suggest that the amino acid composition in the second α-helix of the domain is critical to support its evolved function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0182445
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Fingerprint

Double-Stranded RNA
double-stranded RNA
MicroRNAs
microRNA
engineering
Ribonuclease III
Processing
Microcomputers
Enzymes
microprocessors
Amino Acids
Double-Stranded RNA Binding Motif
Amino Acid Sequence
enzymes
amino acid composition
Microprocessor chips
amino acid sequences
Proteins
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Engineering double-stranded RNA binding activity into the Drosha double-stranded RNA binding domain results in a loss of microRNA processing function",
abstract = "Canonical processing of miRNA begins in the nucleus with the Microprocessor complex, which is minimally composed of the RNase III enzyme Drosha and two copies of its cofactor protein DGCR8. In structural analogy to most RNase III enzymes, Drosha possesses a modular domain with the double-stranded RNA binding domain (dsRBD) fold. Unlike the dsRBDs found in most members of the RNase III family, the Drosha-dsRBD does not display double-stranded RNA binding activity; perhaps related to this, the Drosha-dsRBD amino acid sequence does not conform well to the canonical patterns expected for a dsRBD. In this article, we investigate the impact on miRNA processing of engineering double-stranded RNA binding activity into Drosha’s non-canonical dsRBD. Our findings corroborate previous studies that have demonstrated the Drosha-dsRBD is necessary for miRNA processing and suggest that the amino acid composition in the second α-helix of the domain is critical to support its evolved function.",
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Engineering double-stranded RNA binding activity into the Drosha double-stranded RNA binding domain results in a loss of microRNA processing function. / Kranick, Joshua C.; Chadalavada, Durga M.; Sahu, Debashish; Showalter, Scott A.

In: PloS one, Vol. 12, No. 8, e0182445, 08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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