In this paper, we investigated electric field induced strain (EFIS) and corresponding electric properties of the ternary ceramic system (1-x) (0.93(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 − 0.07Ba(Ti0.945Zr0.055)O3)-xSrTiO3 ((1-x)(BNT-BZT)-xST). The result of unipolar strain-electric field (S-E) measurement reveals a large EFIS of 0.4% at a driving electric field of 5 kV/mm is obtained in the component x = 0.2. The corresponding large signal d33 * reaches up to 800 pm/V, which is superior to most reported BNT-based ceramics. This large EFIS only occurs in a narrow area where dominated nonergodic relaxor state (NR) just converts into ergodic relaxor state (ER). As ST content increases, the measurements of the electric properties suggest a deepening ergodic degree at room temperature (RT). The ferroelectric-to-relaxor transition temperature TF-R can be modulated in a wide temperature range by the modification of ST. Since TF-R reflects the coexisting limit of NR and ER, this effect is helpful to accomplish large EFIS at a certain temperature. Due to internal bias field existed in the samples, bipolar S-E loops exhibit asymmetry to form strain memory effect, which may offer another direction for memory device design. In view of such a low driving electric field required for the large EFIS production, (1-x)(BNT-BZT)-xST ceramics become a promising candidate for application in electromechanical devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry