Enhanced electromechanical response of ionic polymer actuators by improving mechanical coupling between ions and polymer matrix

Yang Liu, Mehdi Ghaffari, Ran Zhao, Jun Hong Lin, Minren Lin, Qiming Zhang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    25 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Poly[(vinylidene difluoride)-co-(chlorotrifluoroethylene)] (P(VDF-CTFE)) and P(VDF-CTFE)/poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) cross-linked blends were exploited as ionic electroactive polymer (i-EAP) actuators with electrolyte ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate [C 2mim][TfO] for the first time. Compared to the traditional i-EAPs that are based on Nafion or Aquivion (Hyflon) ionomers, i-EAP actuators made with P(VDF-CTFE) and P(VDF-CTFE)/PMMA polymers exhibited remarkably enhanced actuation strain and significantly reduced electrical capacitance. The increase in the strain-charge ratio ε/C indicates that this improvement is a direct result of improved elastic coupling between the [C 2mim][TfO] electrolyte and the polymer matrix. As a result, an order-of-magnitude improvement in electromechanical energy conversion efficiency is achieved for both P(VDF-CTFE) and P(VDF-CTFE)/PMMA polymer-based actuators, which makes them promising polymer matrices for i-EAP actuators.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)5128-5133
    Number of pages6
    JournalMacromolecules
    Volume45
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 26 2012

    Fingerprint

    Electroactive polymer actuators
    Polymer matrix
    Polymethyl methacrylates
    Polymers
    Actuators
    Ions
    Polymethyl Methacrylate
    Electrolytes
    Ionomers
    Energy conversion
    Ionic liquids
    Conversion efficiency
    Capacitance
    Ionic Liquids
    chlorotrifluoroethylene

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Organic Chemistry
    • Polymers and Plastics
    • Inorganic Chemistry
    • Materials Chemistry

    Cite this

    Liu, Yang ; Ghaffari, Mehdi ; Zhao, Ran ; Lin, Jun Hong ; Lin, Minren ; Zhang, Qiming. / Enhanced electromechanical response of ionic polymer actuators by improving mechanical coupling between ions and polymer matrix. In: Macromolecules. 2012 ; Vol. 45, No. 12. pp. 5128-5133.
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    abstract = "Poly[(vinylidene difluoride)-co-(chlorotrifluoroethylene)] (P(VDF-CTFE)) and P(VDF-CTFE)/poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) cross-linked blends were exploited as ionic electroactive polymer (i-EAP) actuators with electrolyte ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate [C 2mim][TfO] for the first time. Compared to the traditional i-EAPs that are based on Nafion or Aquivion (Hyflon) ionomers, i-EAP actuators made with P(VDF-CTFE) and P(VDF-CTFE)/PMMA polymers exhibited remarkably enhanced actuation strain and significantly reduced electrical capacitance. The increase in the strain-charge ratio ε/C indicates that this improvement is a direct result of improved elastic coupling between the [C 2mim][TfO] electrolyte and the polymer matrix. As a result, an order-of-magnitude improvement in electromechanical energy conversion efficiency is achieved for both P(VDF-CTFE) and P(VDF-CTFE)/PMMA polymer-based actuators, which makes them promising polymer matrices for i-EAP actuators.",
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    Enhanced electromechanical response of ionic polymer actuators by improving mechanical coupling between ions and polymer matrix. / Liu, Yang; Ghaffari, Mehdi; Zhao, Ran; Lin, Jun Hong; Lin, Minren; Zhang, Qiming.

    In: Macromolecules, Vol. 45, No. 12, 26.06.2012, p. 5128-5133.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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