Enhanced performance of poly(olefin)-based anion exchange membranes cross-linked by triallylmethyl ammonium iodine and divinylbenzene

Fei Xu, Ke Qiu, Bencai Lin, Yurong Ren, Jing Li, Jianning Ding, Michael A. Hickner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Anion exchange membrane fuel cell (AEMFC) can be a viable technology to help combat global warming as they are clean energy conversion devices. Herein, a novel series of poly(olefin)-based anion exchange membranes (AEMs) comprising quaternary ammonium (QA) cations are designed and prepared successfully through ultraviolet cross-linking of olefin monomers, followed by an anion exchange reaction. Triallylmethyl ammonium iodine ([TAMA][I]) is synthesized and used both as a conductive group and a flexible cross-linker. Divinylbenzene (DVB) is used as a rigid cross-linker in the preparation of poly(olefin)-based membranes, and the poly(olefin)-based membranes exhibit robust alkaline stability because of their ether-free backbone. The content of rigid non-conductive DVB in poly(olefin)-based AEMs can be reduced by introducing [TAMA][I], leading to the improved conductivity and cell performance of the AEMs. The [PSAN]60-[TAMA][OH]40-1 membrane possesses a high conductivity of 51.30 mS cm−1 at 80 °C, which is higher than that of [PSAN]60-[TAMA][OH]40–4 (30.11 mS cm−1). The H2/O2 fuel cell assembled with [PSAN]60-[TAMA][OH]40–1 exhibit higher peak power density (266 mW cm−2, 60 °C) than the one assembled with [PSAN]60-[TAMA][OH]40–4 (83 mW cm−2). The results show that it is a facile, inexpensive, and commercially viable approach to the preparation of poly(olefin)-based AEMs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number119629
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume637
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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