Enhanced pyroelectric response is achieved via domain engineering from  grain-oriented, tetragonal-phase, lead-free 0.2(2/3K0.5Bi0.5TiO3-1/3BaTiO3)-0.8Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 (KBT-BT-NBT) ceramics prepared by a templated grain growth method. The  crystallographic orientation leads to large polarization in tetragonal symmetry; therefore, texturing along this direction is employed to enhance the pyroelectricity. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed a Lotgering factor (degree of texturing) of 93 % along the  crystallographic direction. The textured KBT-BT-NBT lead-free ceramics showed comparable pyroelectric figures of merit to those of lead-based ferroelectric materials at room temperature (RT). In addition to the enhanced pyroelectric response at RT, an enormous enhancement in the pyroelectric response (from 1750 to 90,900 μC m−2 K−1) was achieved at the depolarization temperature because of the sharp ferroelectric to antiferroelectric phase transition owing to coherent 180° domain switching. These results will motivate the development of a wide range of lead-free pyroelectric devices, such as thermal sensors and infra-red detectors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the European Ceramic Society|
|State||Published - Apr 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry