Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Yb-Single-Filled Skutterudite by Ultralow Thermal Conductivity

Wenjie Li, Jue Wang, Yuantao Xie, Jennifer Lynn Gray, Jean J. Heremans, Han Byul Kang, Bed Poudel, Scott T. Huxtable, Shashank Priya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The filling fraction limitation (FFL) in n-type CoSb 3 skutterudites is far below that of p-type (Fe,Co)Sb 3 -based skutterudites, and it is critical to increase FFL for accomplishing high thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT max ). Here, a series of Yb x Co 4-y Fe y Sb 12 alloys with x = 0.25-0.5 and y = 0.1-0.5 were synthesized, which demonstrate a clear increase of the FFL of Yb from ∼0.3 in CoSb 3 to 0.5. Ultralow thermal conductivities of 2.0-2.5 W/m·K at 300 K and 1.75 W/m·K at ∼600 K have been achieved, which are the lowest values reported among skutterudite materials and comparable with p-type skutterudites. These ultralow thermal conductivities result from the combination of secondary phase scattering and phonon scattering from dynamic electron exchange between Fe 2+ and Co 3+ . High ZT max values of 1.28 at 740 K and 1.34 at 780 K are obtained, which are among the best values reported in the temperature range of 740-800 K. The temperature at which maximum ZT max appears is shifted below 850 K. These results are highly exciting toward the development of multistage segmented and cascade thermoelectric power generators for in-air operations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)862-872
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 12 2019

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Skutterudites
Thermal conductivity
Phonon scattering
Cascades (fluid mechanics)
Thermoelectric power
Scattering
Temperature
Electrons
Air

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Li, Wenjie ; Wang, Jue ; Xie, Yuantao ; Gray, Jennifer Lynn ; Heremans, Jean J. ; Kang, Han Byul ; Poudel, Bed ; Huxtable, Scott T. ; Priya, Shashank. / Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Yb-Single-Filled Skutterudite by Ultralow Thermal Conductivity. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 31, No. 3. pp. 862-872.
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Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Yb-Single-Filled Skutterudite by Ultralow Thermal Conductivity. / Li, Wenjie; Wang, Jue; Xie, Yuantao; Gray, Jennifer Lynn; Heremans, Jean J.; Kang, Han Byul; Poudel, Bed; Huxtable, Scott T.; Priya, Shashank.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 31, No. 3, 12.02.2019, p. 862-872.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Li, Wenjie

AU - Wang, Jue

AU - Xie, Yuantao

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