The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential effects of dietary 6-phenylhexyl isothiocyanate (PHITC) on N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA)-induced esophageal carcinogenesis in rats. Groups of 15 male F344 rats received weekly s.c. injections of NMBA in 20% dimethylsulfoxide or the vehicle alone for 15 consecutive weeks. Two weeks prior to initiation of carcinogen or vehicle injections rats were provided with modified AIN-76A diet or modified AIN-76A diet containing PHITC at levels of 0.4, 1.0 or 2.5 μmol/g diet. Experimental controls consisted of groups that received only the vehicle (vehicle controls), NMBA (carcinogen controls) or PHITC at the high dose level of 2.5 μmol/g diet. No esophageal tumors or preneoplastic lesions were detected in rats that received the vehicle or PHITC alone. In contrast, all rats treated with NMBA alone or PHITC + NMBA exhibited esophageal tumors and preneoplastic esophageal lesions. In groups that received PHITC + NMBA tumor multiplicity was increased by 21-69% when compared with rats treated with NMBA alone, indicating that PHITC enhanced esophageal tumorigenesis in this model system. These results, in conjunction with our previous work, demonstrate that arylalkyl isothiocyanates may inhibit or enhance esophageal tumorigenesis in the NMBA-treated rat. The ability of isothiocyanates to inhibit or enhance experimental tumorigenesis may depend on alkyl chain length of the isothiocyanate, the animal species examined and the specific carcinogen employed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research