Enhancement of flux pinning and high-field critical current density in carbon-alloyed Mg B2 thin films

J. Chen, V. Ferrando, P. Orgiani, A. V. Pogrebnyakov, R. H.T. Wilke, J. B. Betts, C. H. Mielke, J. M. Redwing, X. X. Xi, Qi Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied flux pinning and critical current density in carbon-alloyed Mg B2 thin films prepared by hybrid physical-chemical vapor deposition. We found that carbon alloying significantly enhances flux pinning. The thermal activation energy of vortices U (H) and critical current density Jc (H) are much higher in carbon-alloyed films than in pure Mg B2 films at high fields. From the scaling behavior of the reduced pinning force with reduced field, we found that the dominant pinning mechanism changes from the grain boundary pinning in pure Mg B2 films to normal point pinning at low carbon content and back to grain boundary pinning at higher carbon contents for H ab. No dominant pinning mechanism exists when H ab.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number174511
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume74
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 23 2006

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Critical current density (superconductivity)
Flux pinning
flux pinning
critical current
Carbon
current density
Thin films
augmentation
carbon
thin films
Grain boundaries
Carbon films
Physical vapor deposition
grain boundaries
Alloying
Chemical vapor deposition
Vortex flow
Activation energy
alloying
vapor deposition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Chen, J. ; Ferrando, V. ; Orgiani, P. ; Pogrebnyakov, A. V. ; Wilke, R. H.T. ; Betts, J. B. ; Mielke, C. H. ; Redwing, J. M. ; Xi, X. X. ; Li, Qi. / Enhancement of flux pinning and high-field critical current density in carbon-alloyed Mg B2 thin films. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2006 ; Vol. 74, No. 17.
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Enhancement of flux pinning and high-field critical current density in carbon-alloyed Mg B2 thin films. / Chen, J.; Ferrando, V.; Orgiani, P.; Pogrebnyakov, A. V.; Wilke, R. H.T.; Betts, J. B.; Mielke, C. H.; Redwing, J. M.; Xi, X. X.; Li, Qi.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 74, No. 17, 174511, 23.11.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhancement of flux pinning and high-field critical current density in carbon-alloyed Mg B2 thin films

AU - Chen, J.

AU - Ferrando, V.

AU - Orgiani, P.

AU - Pogrebnyakov, A. V.

AU - Wilke, R. H.T.

AU - Betts, J. B.

AU - Mielke, C. H.

AU - Redwing, J. M.

AU - Xi, X. X.

AU - Li, Qi

PY - 2006/11/23

Y1 - 2006/11/23

N2 - We have studied flux pinning and critical current density in carbon-alloyed Mg B2 thin films prepared by hybrid physical-chemical vapor deposition. We found that carbon alloying significantly enhances flux pinning. The thermal activation energy of vortices U (H) and critical current density Jc (H) are much higher in carbon-alloyed films than in pure Mg B2 films at high fields. From the scaling behavior of the reduced pinning force with reduced field, we found that the dominant pinning mechanism changes from the grain boundary pinning in pure Mg B2 films to normal point pinning at low carbon content and back to grain boundary pinning at higher carbon contents for H ab. No dominant pinning mechanism exists when H ab.

AB - We have studied flux pinning and critical current density in carbon-alloyed Mg B2 thin films prepared by hybrid physical-chemical vapor deposition. We found that carbon alloying significantly enhances flux pinning. The thermal activation energy of vortices U (H) and critical current density Jc (H) are much higher in carbon-alloyed films than in pure Mg B2 films at high fields. From the scaling behavior of the reduced pinning force with reduced field, we found that the dominant pinning mechanism changes from the grain boundary pinning in pure Mg B2 films to normal point pinning at low carbon content and back to grain boundary pinning at higher carbon contents for H ab. No dominant pinning mechanism exists when H ab.

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