Enhancing ionic conductivity in composite polymer electrolytes with well-aligned ceramic nanowires

Wei Liu, Seok Woo Lee, Dingchang Lin, Feifei Shi, Shuang Wang, Austin D. Sendek, Yi Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

176 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In contrast to conventional organic liquid electrolytes that have leakage, flammability and chemical stability issues, solid electrolytes are widely considered as a promising candidate for the development of next-generation safe lithium-ion batteries. In solid polymer electrolytes that contain polymers and lithium salts, inorganic nanoparticles are often used as fillers to improve electrochemical performance, structure stability, and mechanical strength. However, such composite polymer electrolytes generally have low ionic conductivity. Here we report that a composite polymer electrolyte with well-aligned inorganic Li + -conductive nanowires exhibits an ionic conductivity of 6.05 × 10-5S cm-1 at 30°C, which is one order of magnitude higher than previous polymer electrolytes with randomly aligned nanowires. The large conductivity enhancement is ascribed to a fast ion-conducting pathway without crossing junctions on the surfaces of the aligned nanowires. Moreover, the long-term structural stability of the polymer electrolyte is also improved by the use of nanowires.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number17035
JournalNature Energy
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 27 2017

Fingerprint

Ionic conductivity
Electrolytes
Nanowires
Polymers
Composite materials
Leakage (fluid)
Chemical stability
Solid electrolytes
Flammability
Lithium
Strength of materials
Fillers
Salts
Ions
Nanoparticles
Liquids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Liu, Wei ; Lee, Seok Woo ; Lin, Dingchang ; Shi, Feifei ; Wang, Shuang ; Sendek, Austin D. ; Cui, Yi. / Enhancing ionic conductivity in composite polymer electrolytes with well-aligned ceramic nanowires. In: Nature Energy. 2017 ; Vol. 2, No. 5.
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abstract = "In contrast to conventional organic liquid electrolytes that have leakage, flammability and chemical stability issues, solid electrolytes are widely considered as a promising candidate for the development of next-generation safe lithium-ion batteries. In solid polymer electrolytes that contain polymers and lithium salts, inorganic nanoparticles are often used as fillers to improve electrochemical performance, structure stability, and mechanical strength. However, such composite polymer electrolytes generally have low ionic conductivity. Here we report that a composite polymer electrolyte with well-aligned inorganic Li + -conductive nanowires exhibits an ionic conductivity of 6.05 × 10-5S cm-1 at 30°C, which is one order of magnitude higher than previous polymer electrolytes with randomly aligned nanowires. The large conductivity enhancement is ascribed to a fast ion-conducting pathway without crossing junctions on the surfaces of the aligned nanowires. Moreover, the long-term structural stability of the polymer electrolyte is also improved by the use of nanowires.",
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Enhancing ionic conductivity in composite polymer electrolytes with well-aligned ceramic nanowires. / Liu, Wei; Lee, Seok Woo; Lin, Dingchang; Shi, Feifei; Wang, Shuang; Sendek, Austin D.; Cui, Yi.

In: Nature Energy, Vol. 2, No. 5, 17035, 27.03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhancing ionic conductivity in composite polymer electrolytes with well-aligned ceramic nanowires

AU - Liu, Wei

AU - Lee, Seok Woo

AU - Lin, Dingchang

AU - Shi, Feifei

AU - Wang, Shuang

AU - Sendek, Austin D.

AU - Cui, Yi

PY - 2017/3/27

Y1 - 2017/3/27

N2 - In contrast to conventional organic liquid electrolytes that have leakage, flammability and chemical stability issues, solid electrolytes are widely considered as a promising candidate for the development of next-generation safe lithium-ion batteries. In solid polymer electrolytes that contain polymers and lithium salts, inorganic nanoparticles are often used as fillers to improve electrochemical performance, structure stability, and mechanical strength. However, such composite polymer electrolytes generally have low ionic conductivity. Here we report that a composite polymer electrolyte with well-aligned inorganic Li + -conductive nanowires exhibits an ionic conductivity of 6.05 × 10-5S cm-1 at 30°C, which is one order of magnitude higher than previous polymer electrolytes with randomly aligned nanowires. The large conductivity enhancement is ascribed to a fast ion-conducting pathway without crossing junctions on the surfaces of the aligned nanowires. Moreover, the long-term structural stability of the polymer electrolyte is also improved by the use of nanowires.

AB - In contrast to conventional organic liquid electrolytes that have leakage, flammability and chemical stability issues, solid electrolytes are widely considered as a promising candidate for the development of next-generation safe lithium-ion batteries. In solid polymer electrolytes that contain polymers and lithium salts, inorganic nanoparticles are often used as fillers to improve electrochemical performance, structure stability, and mechanical strength. However, such composite polymer electrolytes generally have low ionic conductivity. Here we report that a composite polymer electrolyte with well-aligned inorganic Li + -conductive nanowires exhibits an ionic conductivity of 6.05 × 10-5S cm-1 at 30°C, which is one order of magnitude higher than previous polymer electrolytes with randomly aligned nanowires. The large conductivity enhancement is ascribed to a fast ion-conducting pathway without crossing junctions on the surfaces of the aligned nanowires. Moreover, the long-term structural stability of the polymer electrolyte is also improved by the use of nanowires.

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