Enhancing two-phase flow mixing and mass transfer in microchannel with surface features

Dongming Qiu, Anna Lee Tonkovich, Maddalena Fanelli, Sean Fitzgerald, Jenn Marco, Rick Stevenson, Mike Lamont, Christy Burton, Jan Lerou, Laura Silva

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Slug or plug flow is generally considered as major flow pattern in microchannels in gas-liquid two-phase flow. A new microchannel design has enabled experimental interfacial surface area density exceeding 10,000 m 2/m3 based on the two-phase volume in bubbly flow, and mass transfer coefficients exceeding 10sec-1. Numerical simulations as well as experiments are presented with the new microchannel design. The velocity components of secondary flow induced by specially designed angled microgrooves break the gas phase into small bubbles, where otherwise much larger gas pockets/slugs would dominate in flat or smooth wall microchannels. As such, mixing of the two phases and mass transfer are greatly enhanced as a results of increased interfacial surface area density and reduced average mass transfer distance. The Volume-Of-Fluid (VOF) method is used in the numerical computations for different surface feature patterns, gas and liquid flow rates, liquid viscosity and surface tension. In the experiments, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and water are used as the two phase media. The two-phase superficial velocity in the channel is in the range 0.45-2.75 m/s. The results show that the two-phase flow in the microchannel with the angled microgrooves leads to enhanced mass transfer relative to the flat microchannel. Higher flow rates and higher liquid viscosity lead to smaller gas bubbles and in turn enhanced mixing. Opportunities for additional improvement exist with increasing flow rates and optimized processing conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008
Pages269-278
Number of pages10
EditionPART A
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Event6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008 - Darmstadt, Germany
Duration: Jun 23 2008Jun 25 2008

Other

Other6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008
CountryGermany
CityDarmstadt
Period6/23/086/25/08

Fingerprint

Microchannels
Two phase flow
Mass transfer
Gases
Viscosity of liquids
Flow rate
Phase velocity
Secondary flow
Liquids
Carbon Dioxide
Flow patterns
Surface tension
Carbon dioxide
Nitrogen
Experiments
Fluids
Water
Computer simulation
Processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Qiu, D., Tonkovich, A. L., Fanelli, M., Fitzgerald, S., Marco, J., Stevenson, R., ... Silva, L. (2008). Enhancing two-phase flow mixing and mass transfer in microchannel with surface features. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008 (PART A ed., pp. 269-278) https://doi.org/10.1115/ICNMM2008-62102
Qiu, Dongming ; Tonkovich, Anna Lee ; Fanelli, Maddalena ; Fitzgerald, Sean ; Marco, Jenn ; Stevenson, Rick ; Lamont, Mike ; Burton, Christy ; Lerou, Jan ; Silva, Laura. / Enhancing two-phase flow mixing and mass transfer in microchannel with surface features. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008. PART A. ed. 2008. pp. 269-278
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abstract = "Slug or plug flow is generally considered as major flow pattern in microchannels in gas-liquid two-phase flow. A new microchannel design has enabled experimental interfacial surface area density exceeding 10,000 m 2/m3 based on the two-phase volume in bubbly flow, and mass transfer coefficients exceeding 10sec-1. Numerical simulations as well as experiments are presented with the new microchannel design. The velocity components of secondary flow induced by specially designed angled microgrooves break the gas phase into small bubbles, where otherwise much larger gas pockets/slugs would dominate in flat or smooth wall microchannels. As such, mixing of the two phases and mass transfer are greatly enhanced as a results of increased interfacial surface area density and reduced average mass transfer distance. The Volume-Of-Fluid (VOF) method is used in the numerical computations for different surface feature patterns, gas and liquid flow rates, liquid viscosity and surface tension. In the experiments, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and water are used as the two phase media. The two-phase superficial velocity in the channel is in the range 0.45-2.75 m/s. The results show that the two-phase flow in the microchannel with the angled microgrooves leads to enhanced mass transfer relative to the flat microchannel. Higher flow rates and higher liquid viscosity lead to smaller gas bubbles and in turn enhanced mixing. Opportunities for additional improvement exist with increasing flow rates and optimized processing conditions.",
author = "Dongming Qiu and Tonkovich, {Anna Lee} and Maddalena Fanelli and Sean Fitzgerald and Jenn Marco and Rick Stevenson and Mike Lamont and Christy Burton and Jan Lerou and Laura Silva",
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Qiu, D, Tonkovich, AL, Fanelli, M, Fitzgerald, S, Marco, J, Stevenson, R, Lamont, M, Burton, C, Lerou, J & Silva, L 2008, Enhancing two-phase flow mixing and mass transfer in microchannel with surface features. in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008. PART A edn, pp. 269-278, 6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008, Darmstadt, Germany, 6/23/08. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICNMM2008-62102

Enhancing two-phase flow mixing and mass transfer in microchannel with surface features. / Qiu, Dongming; Tonkovich, Anna Lee; Fanelli, Maddalena; Fitzgerald, Sean; Marco, Jenn; Stevenson, Rick; Lamont, Mike; Burton, Christy; Lerou, Jan; Silva, Laura.

Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008. PART A. ed. 2008. p. 269-278.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Qiu, Dongming

AU - Tonkovich, Anna Lee

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Qiu D, Tonkovich AL, Fanelli M, Fitzgerald S, Marco J, Stevenson R et al. Enhancing two-phase flow mixing and mass transfer in microchannel with surface features. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008. PART A ed. 2008. p. 269-278 https://doi.org/10.1115/ICNMM2008-62102