Environmental effects on initiation and propagation of surface defects on silicate glasses: Scratch and fracture toughness study

Nicholas D. Surdyka, Carlo G. Pantano, Seong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The glass composition and surrounding environment can play an important role in the initiation and propagation of surface defects, which affect the practical strength of glass. We have studied how the environment and glass composition affect the tribological and indentation properties of multicomponent silicate glasses. Soda lime silica and aluminosilicate glasses were studied to compare the effects of the alkali ion and glass network type on surface defect formation. Although both glasses contained leachable sodium ions, the surface wear of soda lime glass decreased with increasing humidity while sodium aluminosilicate glass had an observable increase in surface wear. This indicated that sodium ion and water activity on/in glass surfaces vary depending on the glass network structure. The exchange of Na+ with K+ in aluminosilicate glass increased the elastic modulus, hardness, and resistance to fracture substantially; however, it did not improve the surface scratch resistance in humid environments. This suggested that the improved fracture toughness for the K-exchanged aluminosilicate glass is mainly due to the improved bulk properties; surface wear can readily take place regardless of Na/K-exchange.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-528
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Volume116
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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