Removal of copper naphthenate (CN) from used wooden railroad ties was investigated to improve the commercial viability of this biomass as a fuel source and avoid alternative disposal methods such as landfilling. Bench-scale thermal desorption of organic preservative components from CN-impregnated ties was followed by extraction of the copper fraction with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, 1-hydroxy ethylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid, or 2,6-pyridine dicarboxylic acid (PDA). Naphthenic acid (NA) and carrier oil were recovered at desorption temperatures between 225 and 300 °C and could potentially be recycled to treat new ties. The thermal treatment also mimicked torrefaction, improving the biomass properties for use as a thermochemical conversion feedstock. Chelation with PDA, a biodegradable chelating agent, after desorption had the highest extraction efficiency of copper and other naturally present inorganics, extracting 100% of the copper from both the raw and 225 °C-treated samples. Optimized desorbed material showed a 64% decrease in ash content when extracted with PDA; however, extraction efficiency decreased as desorption temperature increased, indicating that thermal treatment caused the inorganics to be less extractable. We concluded that the optimum desorption conditions were between 250 and 275 °C for 45 min followed by extraction with PDA when considering both NA removal and inorganic extraction efficiency.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment