Epidemiology of hand dermatitis in dental personnel

R. E. Uveges, R. E. Grimwood, L. D. Slawsky, J. G. Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Dental personnel are prone to frequent bouts of hand dermatitis. This has been attributed to hand washing, occupational exposure to a multitude of possible sensitizers, and frequent latex glove use. There has been some conflict in the literature as to the true frequency of allergic contact dermatitis in dental personnel. Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to quantify the frequency of allergic contact dermatitis and contact urticaria in a large group of Air Force dental personnel. Methods: Four hundred forty-nine dental personnel were surveyed for hand dermatitis. Positive responders were interviewed and examined. Patients with histories most consistent with allergic contact dermatitis were patch tested to a standard and a dental tray. Results: Of the 449 personnel completing our survey, 169 had a positive history of hand dermatitis. One hundred twenty of these were interviewed and examined, of which 27 patients gave a history most consistent with allergic contact dermatitis and were subjected to patch testing. Only 3 patients had relevant positive reactions to the allergens on the standard or dental trays. All others (93) were diagnosed with irritant contact dermatitis. None had contact urticaria to latex. Conclusion: The frequency of hand dermatitis in our dental personnel is consistent with that in other published studies (37.6%). The majority of hand dermatitis occurring in this group is due to irritant contact dermatitis; the frequency of allergic contact dermatitis is very low (0.67%). None had contact urticaria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-338
Number of pages4
JournalMilitary medicine
Volume160
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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