Epidemiology of Mycoplasma bovis in Pennsylvania veal calves

M. K. Soehnlen, A. Aydin, K. S. Murthy, Eugene Lengerich, A. L. Hattel, B. A. Houser, G. D. Fenton, H. R. Lysczek, C. M. Burns, A. M. Townsend, Jason William Brooks, D. R. Wolfgang, Bhushan M. Jayarao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence and incidence of Mycoplasma bovis, a common cause of pneumonia, in veal calves. Using simple random sampling, 252 calves from 4 veal herds located in central Pennsylvania were selected and longitudinally followed for monthly collection of nasal swabs. Bronchial swabs and lung lesions were collected at the slaughterhouse. Nasal, bronchial, and lung lesion swabs were cultured for bacterial respiratory pathogens. Ninety lung lesions were identified, of which 41.1, 1.1, 1.1, 7.8, and 4.4% were culture positive for M. bovis alone, Pasteurella multocida alone, Mannheimia haemolytica alone, M. bovis and P. multocida co-infection, and M. bovis and M. haemolytica co-infection, respectively. The data indicate that potential interventions, such as therapeutics, vaccines, or management control measures, would be most effective before 50 d of age based upon the cumulative incidence of colonization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of dairy science
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Mycoplasma bovis
veal calves
epidemiology
Epidemiology
lesions (animal)
Mannheimia haemolytica
Pasteurella multocida
lungs
Coinfection
mixed infection
Nose
Lung
veal
incidence
Abattoirs
Incidence
slaughterhouses
pneumonia
control methods
Pneumonia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Soehnlen, M. K. ; Aydin, A. ; Murthy, K. S. ; Lengerich, Eugene ; Hattel, A. L. ; Houser, B. A. ; Fenton, G. D. ; Lysczek, H. R. ; Burns, C. M. ; Townsend, A. M. ; Brooks, Jason William ; Wolfgang, D. R. ; Jayarao, Bhushan M. / Epidemiology of Mycoplasma bovis in Pennsylvania veal calves. In: Journal of dairy science. 2012 ; Vol. 95, No. 1. pp. 247-254.
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Soehnlen, MK, Aydin, A, Murthy, KS, Lengerich, E, Hattel, AL, Houser, BA, Fenton, GD, Lysczek, HR, Burns, CM, Townsend, AM, Brooks, JW, Wolfgang, DR & Jayarao, BM 2012, 'Epidemiology of Mycoplasma bovis in Pennsylvania veal calves', Journal of dairy science, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 247-254. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2011-4309

Epidemiology of Mycoplasma bovis in Pennsylvania veal calves. / Soehnlen, M. K.; Aydin, A.; Murthy, K. S.; Lengerich, Eugene; Hattel, A. L.; Houser, B. A.; Fenton, G. D.; Lysczek, H. R.; Burns, C. M.; Townsend, A. M.; Brooks, Jason William; Wolfgang, D. R.; Jayarao, Bhushan M.

In: Journal of dairy science, Vol. 95, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 247-254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Soehnlen MK, Aydin A, Murthy KS, Lengerich E, Hattel AL, Houser BA et al. Epidemiology of Mycoplasma bovis in Pennsylvania veal calves. Journal of dairy science. 2012 Jan 1;95(1):247-254. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2011-4309