Epidemiology of trauma deaths in an urban level-1 trauma center predominantly among African Americans - Implications for prevention

Jerome Lyn-Sue, Suryanarayana Siram, Daniel Williams, Haile Mezghebe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This is a retrospective review to determine demographics, presentation and injury characteristics of trauma deaths at Howard University Hospital over an 11-year period (1994-2005] and to make recommendations for education and prevention in the community based on our findings. Data was obtained from the Howard University Hospital trauma registry. From the study period 1994-2005, there was a total of 365 trauma deaths. The injuries sustained were mainly intentional, which accounted for almost 75% of cases-the majority of deaths being due to penetrating injuries. There was an almost two-fold increase in trauma deaths on Saturdays compared to the rest of the week. The demographics of our study population were similar to those reported in the trauma literature. These were younger patients and predominantly male. Unique to our population was the overwhelming predominance of African-American patients (90%). With these unique features, injury prevention would be better served focusing on social and community prevention and education rather than the usual methods of blunt-trauma prevention-e.g., pedestrian- and motor-vehicle-oriented policies, which may be more beneficial in other trauma systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1940-1944
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume98
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2006

Fingerprint

Trauma Centers
African Americans
Epidemiology
Wounds and Injuries
Demography
Education
Motor Vehicles
Population
Registries

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{6af3bd51086548e2aa41e165586706de,
title = "Epidemiology of trauma deaths in an urban level-1 trauma center predominantly among African Americans - Implications for prevention",
abstract = "This is a retrospective review to determine demographics, presentation and injury characteristics of trauma deaths at Howard University Hospital over an 11-year period (1994-2005] and to make recommendations for education and prevention in the community based on our findings. Data was obtained from the Howard University Hospital trauma registry. From the study period 1994-2005, there was a total of 365 trauma deaths. The injuries sustained were mainly intentional, which accounted for almost 75{\%} of cases-the majority of deaths being due to penetrating injuries. There was an almost two-fold increase in trauma deaths on Saturdays compared to the rest of the week. The demographics of our study population were similar to those reported in the trauma literature. These were younger patients and predominantly male. Unique to our population was the overwhelming predominance of African-American patients (90{\%}). With these unique features, injury prevention would be better served focusing on social and community prevention and education rather than the usual methods of blunt-trauma prevention-e.g., pedestrian- and motor-vehicle-oriented policies, which may be more beneficial in other trauma systems.",
author = "Jerome Lyn-Sue and Suryanarayana Siram and Daniel Williams and Haile Mezghebe",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "98",
pages = "1940--1944",
journal = "Journal of the National Medical Association",
issn = "1943-4693",
publisher = "National Medical Association",
number = "12",

}

Epidemiology of trauma deaths in an urban level-1 trauma center predominantly among African Americans - Implications for prevention. / Lyn-Sue, Jerome; Siram, Suryanarayana; Williams, Daniel; Mezghebe, Haile.

In: Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 98, No. 12, 12.2006, p. 1940-1944.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Epidemiology of trauma deaths in an urban level-1 trauma center predominantly among African Americans - Implications for prevention

AU - Lyn-Sue, Jerome

AU - Siram, Suryanarayana

AU - Williams, Daniel

AU - Mezghebe, Haile

PY - 2006/12

Y1 - 2006/12

N2 - This is a retrospective review to determine demographics, presentation and injury characteristics of trauma deaths at Howard University Hospital over an 11-year period (1994-2005] and to make recommendations for education and prevention in the community based on our findings. Data was obtained from the Howard University Hospital trauma registry. From the study period 1994-2005, there was a total of 365 trauma deaths. The injuries sustained were mainly intentional, which accounted for almost 75% of cases-the majority of deaths being due to penetrating injuries. There was an almost two-fold increase in trauma deaths on Saturdays compared to the rest of the week. The demographics of our study population were similar to those reported in the trauma literature. These were younger patients and predominantly male. Unique to our population was the overwhelming predominance of African-American patients (90%). With these unique features, injury prevention would be better served focusing on social and community prevention and education rather than the usual methods of blunt-trauma prevention-e.g., pedestrian- and motor-vehicle-oriented policies, which may be more beneficial in other trauma systems.

AB - This is a retrospective review to determine demographics, presentation and injury characteristics of trauma deaths at Howard University Hospital over an 11-year period (1994-2005] and to make recommendations for education and prevention in the community based on our findings. Data was obtained from the Howard University Hospital trauma registry. From the study period 1994-2005, there was a total of 365 trauma deaths. The injuries sustained were mainly intentional, which accounted for almost 75% of cases-the majority of deaths being due to penetrating injuries. There was an almost two-fold increase in trauma deaths on Saturdays compared to the rest of the week. The demographics of our study population were similar to those reported in the trauma literature. These were younger patients and predominantly male. Unique to our population was the overwhelming predominance of African-American patients (90%). With these unique features, injury prevention would be better served focusing on social and community prevention and education rather than the usual methods of blunt-trauma prevention-e.g., pedestrian- and motor-vehicle-oriented policies, which may be more beneficial in other trauma systems.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33845605855&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33845605855&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Review article

C2 - 17225838

AN - SCOPUS:33845605855

VL - 98

SP - 1940

EP - 1944

JO - Journal of the National Medical Association

JF - Journal of the National Medical Association

SN - 1943-4693

IS - 12

ER -