Equatorial Guinea Spanish non-continuant /d/: More than a generic L2 trait

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In Equatorial Guinea, the only sub-Saharan African nation in which Spanish is widely spoken, prevocalic /d/ frequently receives a short occlusive articulation that approximates [r]. A similar pronunciation occurs in some contemporary Afro-descendant populations in Latin America, and Afro-Hispanic literary stereotypes also include the /d/ > [r] shift. Based on an acoustic analysis of naturalistic speech, this study proposes that non-continuant realizations of /d/ are part of a cluster of traits that include an alveolar realization of /t/ and /d/, partial neutralization of /r/-/r/, and prominent svarabhakti vowels. A combination of incomplete L2 acquisition, L1 carryovers, and structural re-alignment emerges as the most likely account of Equatorial Guinean /d/ > [r], which may partially extend to other Afro-Hispanic speech communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpanish Phonetics and Phonology in Contact
Subtitle of host publicationStudies from Africa, the Americas, and Spain
EditorsRajiv Rao
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9789027207142
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NameIssues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics
ISSN (Print)2213-3887

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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